Winter pear "Samara Beauty" refers to the early autumn varieties obtained by specialists of the Samara Research Institute of Horticulture and Medicinal Plants "Zhiguli Gardens". When this variety was developed, the elite Kuybyshevskaya Zolotaya was crossed with the variety Dessert. The genotype of the obtained variety also included the best qualities of such varieties as Aleksandrovka and Klappa’s Favorite.
The authorship belongs to breeders S. P. Kedrin, T. M. Kedrina and A. A. Kuznetsov. The resulting variety was zoned more than 10 years ago and recommended for cultivation in private gardening in the Middle Volga region.
Description and varietal characteristics
A pear of the Samara Beauty variety forms large trees with a thick oval crown. As they grow older, the crown acquires a drooping appearance. Predominant fruit formation is observed on gloves and spears. Shoots are long, run-down type, with a slight curvature, brown-brown staining.
Fruits are large or medium sized. The average weight of a commodity pear is about 135-145 g. Elongated and pear-shaped fruits prevail, but asymmetrical can also form. The skin is smooth, greenish yellow. A small part of the fruit may have a brownish-red, blurry type of blush on the surface.
The flesh of the fruits is white, juicy, sweetish-sour taste. The main harvest falls on the first days of autumn. It is recommended to eat the collected pears for food within a month after collection. Long-term storage provokes a deterioration in the taste and appearance of the fruit.
The tree reaches the fruiting stage approximately five years after planting in a permanent place. The average yield of an adult tree is about 32-34 kg. Adult fruit trees have sufficient frost resistance. Young plants and seedlings planted in the autumn period need protection from frost.
How to plant a pear
Features of protection of seedlings from winter frosts
Pear seedlings of the Samara Beauty variety are often planted in the fall. Of course, in regions with a mild climate and snowy winters, such a planting is justified, because the planted fruit plants have time to take root and take root before the onset of severe frosts.
However, in most regions of Russia, in particular in the middle zone of our country, autumn warmth very often suddenly gives way to early frosts, so gardeners should prepare young fruit plantings for such natural surprises.
In the autumn period, it is recommended to cover the root zone of plants with a mulching layer, which can be used straw, a layer of humus or peat, as well as sawdust. Young pear seedlings must be protected from rodents without fail, wrapping them in burlap and fine mesh. Also effective ways to protect young plants from frost include bending the trunk and using fir spruce branches and geotextiles as shelters. It is undesirable to use a film covering material to protect against frost, since polyethylene interferes with normal metabolic processes and often causes moisture to evaporate from plants during sudden thaws.
A pear called "Samara Beauty" is not too demanding on watering, but irrigation measures carried out at the stages of ovary formation and fruit filling can have a positive effect on the quality indicators of the harvested crop.
Adequate resistance of the pear of this variety to the main damaging factors suggests a set of standard protective measures using insectofungicidal preparations. Processing plantings should be carried out at least three for the period of active vegetation of the plant.
Highly productive adult plants need increased nutrition, which requires timely feeding. Fertilizers should be applied not only in early spring, but also in summer, as well as in the preparation of fruit plantations for winter.
According to the reviews and characteristics of many gardeners, the taste of the fruits of the pear "Samara Beauty" is very mediocre. The variety is not subject to long-term storage, and a significant growth force of trees complicates the care and harvest. Seeds are often formed underdeveloped or completely absent in ripened fruits. The highest quality characteristics are possessed by fruits harvested from trees grown on rich chernozem soils.
Pear: variety selection
The advantages of this variety under the conditions of home gardening include the low risk of fruit and leaf scab damage. To the soil conditions, fruit trees of this variety are unpretentious, but the maximum good indicators of growth and development of the pear are observed when cultivated on moderately moist soils. It is noted that the late timing of bud blooming and flowering significantly protect plants from the aggressive effects of return spring frosts.