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Gladiolus is the most common flower in the world. In terms of color, they are full of a variety of shades. The most famous is the gladiolus blue. In addition, white, purple, pink, burgundy, orange, yellow, blue and lilac shades are distinguished.
Gladioli are divided into the following groups:
Blue or Blue gladiolus belongs to the large-flowered category.
The height of the plant is about 2 m. The gladiolus has an upright and unbranched stem and about 7-12 xiphoid leaves. Inflorescences can be unilateral, bilateral or spiral. In one inflorescence, there are from 15 to 22 flowers. Depending on the location of the lobes, the form may be direct or reverse. The shape of the flower distinguishes between simple, corrugated, terry and folded. Gladioli according to the flowering period are divided into the following types:
How to plant gladioli
Varieties of gladiolus blue
Gladiolus Blue Tropic will delight with its flowering from July to September. The height of the flower varies from 80 to 160 cm. The flowers are dark purple in color and triangular in shape at a height of 50 cm. The average diameter of one flower is 12-18 cm.
Gladiolus Blue Abyss differs in a high and strong peduncle. During the inflorescence, there are about 22-24 buds. The height of the plant is 150 cm. The flowers are lilac-blue with a slight violet impregnation. The edges are corrugated.
Gladiolus varieties Blue topaz surprises with its depth of color. In height, it reaches 130 cm. The edges of the flowers are corrugated. The buds are large and are located at a height of 60 cm.
The champion at the exhibitions and the best in his group of coloring is the Blue Butterfly gladiolus. This variety has not left a single grower indifferent. The flowers are sky blue with a slight blue splash. You can verify this yourself, the photo (Fig 1.) is presented below. During the inflorescence, there are about 25 buds. The flowers are large and heavily corrugated. The diameter of the flower is 14 cm. The height of the plant is 160 cm. At the same time it can contain 10 open buds.
Of particular note is the Blue Beauty gladiolus cultivar.. It also belongs to the large-flowered class. The diameter of the flower is 16 cm. The buds are slightly corrugated and laid in 2 phalanges. The flowers are rounded and blue-violet with a purple-pink spot in the center. This variety is weather resistant. Plant height 170 cm.
Large-flowered gladiolus Blue isle has vertical and single stems 150 cm high. The flowers are collected in a spiral inflorescence and are located at a height of 80 cm. The plant will delight with its flowering from July to September.
Fairytale beauty grade gladiolus Blue Snowflakes. The flowers are snow-white and corrugated at the edges. A soft blue edge is located along the edge of the petals. The diameter of the bud is 14 cm. The height of the plant is 150 cm.
The variety of gladiolus will surprise with its unusual beauty Blue frost. The flowers are blue with a characteristic lilac pattern on the edge. A little corrugated. The size of the flower is 15 cm. Height - 130 cm. Ideal for creating landscape design. The only drawback is the low resistance to frost.
When growing a plant, the following rules should be followed:
- In no case do not grow the plant in one place for more than 2 years.
- Follow crop rotation rules. Each time transplant gladioli into the soil of a different composition.
- When choosing a particular variety, consider its adaptability to the climatic zone.
- It is not recommended to plant large bulbs with small ones. In this case, the small bulbs will not have a chance to adapt.
- Gladiolus is a photophilous flower, so be prepared for the fact that in the shade it may not bloom.
- The landing site must be ventilated, otherwise the gladiolus is susceptible to fungal diseases.
Planting a plant
For better germination before planting, it is necessary to clean the bulbs from the scales. After cleaning, the bulbs should be kept in a warm room. When the shoot has sprouted, the bulbs are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, foundationazole or potassium permanganate.
After treatment, the plant can be planted in the soil. Gladioli do not tolerate stagnation of water. Therefore, make sure to drain. Choose a horizontal area where water cannot collect.
For growing plants, the optimum level of soil acidity is 6.5-6.8 pH. In acidic soil, the tips of the leaves of the plant will darken and fade, and the flowers may not open at all.
In alkaline soil, the plant will lag behind in growth, therefore, to neutralize the soil, you can use chalk, eggshells or dolomite flour.
The soil should be loose and light. If necessary, the earth can be dug up. According to the rules, a plant must not be planted in the area where asters or root crops previously grew.
The optimal planting time is the end of April or the beginning of May. Large bulbs should be planted to a depth of 10-15 cm, small ones - 8-10 cm. The distance between the beds should not be less than 20-25 cm. As fertilizing the soil, you can use phosphorus and potash fertilizers.
The description of a particular variety allows you to prevent mistakes during plant growth. When the plant reaches 10 cm in height, the soil must be mulched with humus. Regularly need to loosen and water the soil. During irrigation, water must not be allowed to enter the leaves of the plant. If the stem began to bend when the buds appear, then the peduncles must be tied up. Trim dried flowers in a timely manner so that the plants do not waste nutrients in vain.
Gladioli Care: Spraying
35-45 days after flowering, the gladiolus must be dug up. Then the bulbs are washed with running water and treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or foundationazole. After which they are dried and transferred to boxes. The first time the corms need to be stored at a temperature of 25-30 degrees. In winter, onion boxes are best stored in the basement at a temperature of 5-10 degrees.