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Apricot "Aquarius" is a seedling of the cultivar "Lel", obtained in the course of free pollination by domestic breeder L. A. Kramarenko. The originator and author of the variety description is the Main Botanical Garden of Russia.
Description and features of the variety
Apricot called "Aquarius" forms a tall and powerful plant, the height of which can reach 6 m. Weak branching is characteristic for annual shoots. Flowering abundant, relatively small white flowers.
Fruits are rounded in shape, with a pronounced suture. The average weight of apricot does not exceed 27-32 g. The fruits have a yellow skin with a slight blush, covering an orange, delicate, with average density, appetizing flesh. Taste good. Ripe flesh sweet and sour, very harmonious taste. Grade grade according to the tasting results is 4.5 points. The fruits contain a medium-sized bone that is well separated from the pulp.
Treatment and prevention of scab
Apricot domestic varieties "Aquarius" has sufficient resistance to the most common diseases and pests of stone fruit crops. Nevertheless, it is necessary to timely carry out standard preventive measures.
Scab stone fruit is one of the most common apricot diseases during the growing season and most often affects fruit stands in regions with high air humidity. Apricot scab caused by the Venturia fungus infects plants in early spring, immediately after budding, and is characterized by the formation of spots on the leaves with a greenish-brown or olive tint. Foliage, as a result of the action of a fungal infection, dries and falls, after which the lesion passes to flowers and ovaries. Thus, the number of fruits becomes minimal. Those fruits that are still forming have a very unattractive appearance and often fall ahead of time.
Apricot: planting and care
In order to prevent damage to apricot trees by scab, it is very important to carry out the following care measures:
- timely destruction of fallen leaves and affected shoots after sanitary pruning;
- spraying trees with the most effective modern insectofungicidal preparations;
- early spring treatment of plants with 3% Bordeaux fluid to the stage of mass budding of buds;
- use for re-processing a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture after the stage of active flowering.
Also, spraying of fruit stands at the stage of bud blooming by Horus and Aktara, and at the end of flowering by Horus and Skor, also shows high efficiency.
Affected scab crops and foliage should not be placed in compost. To obtain the most productive fruit stands, it is recommended that when laying a garden, give preference to the most resistant to scab varieties.
When growing apricot "Aquarius" special attention should be paid to the following activities:
- top dressing of trees with potash fertilizers, which are very important not only at the stage of fruit ripening, but also at the end of the growing season;
- organic top dressing with high-quality compost or mullein;
- irrigation, which is especially important at the stage of ovary formation, as well as moisture-charging irrigation measures carried out in spring and autumn;
- sanitary pruning and timely preventive treatment of fruit stands.
Apricot trees are characterized by independent crown formation. However, experienced gardeners advise timely removal of all shoots that thicken the crown and reduce yield. This will allow the plant to be better illuminated by the sun and bear fruit.
Apricot trees "Aquarius" are very unpretentious and, according to most gardeners, are perfectly adapted for cultivation in the home garden of the middle strip of our country, they are in demand in the suburbs. Ripened fruits are great for canning and are an ideal raw material for making high-quality preserves and fruit and berry compotes. The excellent taste makes the fruit suitable for fresh consumption and the preparation of a variety of desserts.
The disadvantages include the low keeping quality of the harvested crop. Ripening times are average than Aquarius is very similar to the equally popular apricot variety Countess.
Apricot Disease: Monilial Burn
Fruiting, according to the observations of summer residents, is quite plentiful and annual. The crop is ready for harvest in mid-late August. The plant bears fruit on all types of shoots. As a rule, fruit trees enter the stage of active fruiting approximately in the third year after the vaccination procedure. The variety shows a high level of winter hardiness and frost resistance.