Shrub cucumbers have features that are usually reflected in the name of the variety or hybrid form. Most often, such cucumbers have names that characterize the compactness of the plant and its slight climbing ability not only when grown in open ground, but also on ridges in greenhouses.
Characteristics of bush cucumbers
Shrub varieties of cucumbers are intended mainly for cultivation in open ground, but they can be grown well in sheltered ground. The description of such varieties and hybrids is similar, but there are several common features that combine bush cucumbers.
|Compact bushes||The length of the cucumber whip does not exceed 0.8 m and has no more than two branches. The presence of short internodes gives cucumber bushes significant leafy|
|Low yield||A small number of ovaries on the plant is most often offset by increased rates of resistance to diseases and adverse factors, as well as unpretentiousness|
|Early ripening||Zelentsy manages to form and mature in the shortest possible time, before the defeat of the most common cucumber diseases, which contributes to the harvest in any year|
|Fertility||The small size of Zelentsy allows not only to use them fresh, but also to salt, pickle and preserve|
The best varieties
A plant of this type looks like a small and compact bush. A distinctive feature is a very friendly and early return of a significant part of the crop, that allows you to get the maximum yield from one bush before the onset of disease. Shrub cucumbers are great for small areas, have an external originality and decorativeness.
Cucumbers: variety selection
|Title||Bush description||Fruit characterization||Productivity||Features|
|Hybrid "Kid F1"||Medium loaminess, in nodes 3-6 ovaries||Length up to 9 cm, coarse, white-spiked, ellipsoid, weighing 100−105 g and a diameter of 3 cm||3.4-3.8 kg / sq. m||Universal use, disease resistance|
|Variety "Bush"||Tall and short-haired||Length 10−12 cm, coarse-humped, black-thorny, cylindrical, weighing 70−120 g||Total above 370 kg / ha||Drought tolerance, immunity to cladosporiosis, mosaic virus tolerant|
|Variety "Shorty"||Medium-sized, slightly branched, mainly female flowering type||Zelentsy short, oval, tuberous, pubescence white||316-414 kg / ha||Resistant to olive blotch and powdery mildew|
|Hybrid "Hector F1"||Very compact, with bundles||10-12 cm long, coarse-humped, white-spiked, cylindrical, fragrant and crunchy||3.9-6.0 kg / sq. m||Withstands short-term temperature drops|
It should be noted that the agrotechnology of growing bush and long-stemmed varieties of cucumber more common for vegetable growers differs little. As a rule, bush cucumbers are grown in most regions of our country by seedlings, which contributes to the earliest harvest. It is recommended to plant cucumber seedlings upon reaching 20 days under a temporary film shelter.
Between cucumber bushes, a distance of 25–27 cm should be maintained. The standard row spacing should be approximately 45 cm. Cucumbers grow especially well on warm ridges well seasoned with organic fertilizers. The best soils for growing cucumbers are loamy and sandy loam soils. The determinant type of growth of bush cucumbers is characterized by limited growth of the central stem, and vegetation ends with the formation of a flower brush.
On average, about 3-4 kg can be collected from each square meter of such landings. Due to its compactness, bush cucumbers are very popular for decorating decorative gardens. Despite the fact that a lot of effort, time and money will be spent on caring for such plants, the yield of bush cucumbers will not become too high.
As a rule, growing bush varieties is much easier than climbing. A bush cucumber is unpretentious in growing, and to get a high yield you should follow only a few recommendations:
- Watering bush cucumbers compared with the cultivation of climbing varieties should be more frequent, and if there is no rain, then irrigation activities are carried out twice a day.
- If for long-climbing and climbing varieties you need a trellis or trellis on which they are located, then bush cucumbers grow perfectly without the use of additional support.
- Shrub varieties are characterized by a high level of intensity of consumption of basic nutrients, so this vegetable crop needs not only well-fertilized soil for planting, but also systematic top dressing.
- Of fertilizers, it is best to use low acid mineral, without the presence of chlorine and sodium, as well as a solution of manure or bird droppings.
Despite the high level of disease resistance, the probability of being affected by the main cucumber diseases or pests remains, therefore, the first preventive spraying is carried out with a solution of colloidal sulfur, and then a solution of Bordeaux mixture is used at the rate of 100 g per 10 liters of water, but no later than ten days before harvesting .
Shrub cucumbers are distinguished by the absence of a lash and a bushy form of growth, which greatly facilitates the care of plants and the harvest process.
Reviews of vegetable growers
Especially popular among gardeners are such bush varieties as "Baby", "Baby", "Shorty", "Bush" and "Kid". Most of these varieties combine universal use and resistance to downy mildew and cucumber mosaic virus.
How to plant cucumbers
Reviews in most cases are positive, despite the fact that the characteristics of such cucumbers are far from ideal, and the choice of varieties is very limited. Of course, bush cucumbers are popular due to their unpretentiousness and very early, friendly return of the harvest, which is important for small household plots, and also important for summer residents who are deprived of the opportunity to provide vegetable crops with the most complete care at all stages of growth and development.