Apricots Melitopol early and Melitopol late are quite popular and in demand in amateur gardening and have proven themselves when grown in areas with mild climatic conditions.
Varietal features of the apricot "Early Melitopol"
This variety forms low trees with good self-fertility. Crohn's plants are inverse pyramidal. Tovarian fruits with an average weight of 43-46 g, and in conditions of rationing the trees with the crop, the average weight of the apricot reaches 55-65 g. The shape of the fruit is oval, with slight compression on the sides. Juicy, orange-colored flesh is characterized by good density, covered with a thin and delicate, yellowish-orange skin. On the surface there is a small, reddish-crimson-colored tan, as well as a velvety slight pubescence.
The taste of apricot fruit "Early Melitopol" is wine-sweet, with a characteristic and well-defined apricot aroma. The variety description declares the absence of hard fibers in the ripe pulp. The stone is not too large, is separated from the ripe pulp with slight difficulty. In the southern regions, the full ripening of the crop occurs in the second half of the summer. Fruits are recommended to be used fresh, as well as in the preparation of desserts. The variety is characterized by entry into fruiting in the fifth year after vaccination.
Apricot "Early Melitopol": harvesting
Varietal features of the apricot "Late Melitopol"
Late-ripe apricot Melitopolsky Late was quite popular in our country as a result of crossing the Krasnoshcheky variety with the less well-known Khurmai variety. The plant belongs to the category of fast-growing, has a wide and densely leafy crown. The fruiting variety begins in the fourth or fifth year after planting in a permanent place.
Fruits are slightly larger than that of the early variety of the same name. The average weight of apricot is about 45-65 g. Fruits are oval in shape, slightly compressed on the sides, with small sharp beaks on top. Ripe orange pulp, with sufficient density indicators, is covered with a relatively thick and dense skin of bright orange color with an unobtrusive blush. The taste is sweet, with a slight acidity. The stone is relatively large and is well separated from the pulp. The fruits have a pronounced and very pleasant apricot aroma. Apricots of this late variety are well suited for canning as well as drying.
Advantages and disadvantages
Apricots "Melitopol early" and "Melitopol late" have a significant number of advantages, the main ones are:
- high yields and good quality fruits;
- rather quick ripening of apricots;
- good resistance to sudden temperature changes;
- frost resistance and good winter hardiness;
- high level of resistance to the defeat of many diseases;
- sufficient transportability of the harvested crop.
Subject to agrotechnics and standardization by the ovaries, it is possible to obtain a high crop of quality, transportable fruits with excellent taste indices.
Dates and rules of landing
Apricots can also be planted in the autumn, but it is best to hold this event in the spring, even before the sap flow in the plant begins. When planting apricot seedlings, it is recommended to maintain a distance of 4-5 m between the rows and 3 m between the planted fruit plants in a row. The best is to plant the plants in a checkerboard pattern.
Landing pits should be prepared in the autumn. The standard size of the pit is 70 x 70 cm. The bottom should be equipped with a drainage layer with a thickness of at least 15-20 cm, which allows excess moisture to be removed from the root system of the plant. Crushed stone, gravel or brick fight is used as drainage.
On top of the drainage, it is necessary to fill a layer of nutrient soil from garden soil with the addition of humus and fertilizers in the form of superphosphate, wood ash, lime and ammonium nitrate. The root system of the plant should be covered with a nutritious soil mixture, and then it is necessary to tie a seedling to a peg to fix it in an upright position. After planting, you should water the trees, spending a couple of buckets of water for each.
How to plant an apricot
Growing apricot trees involves the timely formation of the crown of the plant, as well as sanitary and anti-aging pruning. In addition to these annual and very important events, it is necessary to periodically irrigate and fertilize fruit plantations, as well as carry out preventive spraying of plants according to apricot cultivation technology.