The best apricot varieties for Ukraine

The best apricot varieties for Ukraine

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Apricot, or Prúnus armeniáca, refers to fruit trees of the Plum species and the Pink family, or Rosaceae. The fruits of this tree are used not only in fresh form, but also serve as raw materials for the preparation of several varieties of dried fruits, including dried apricots and apricots.

Apricot has long been widely used as a horticultural crop in Central Asia. Recently, it has been actively cultivated in the southern regions of our country, on the territory of Moldova, Ukraine and Belarus.

Variety Selection Criteria

The types of soil in Ukraine are very diverse and, as you know, fertile enough to grow fruit and berry crops, including apricot. Ukraine is characterized by the presence of a relatively mild, weakly and moderately continental climate, as well as gradually increasing continentality towards the eastern regions of the country.

The north-eastern part of Ukraine, including Sumy, Chernihiv, Lugansk, part of the Kharkov, Kiev, Zhytomyr and Rivne regions, is represented by a continental climate, which is favorable enough for growing stone fruit plants. Territories with favorable soil and climatic conditions include the central and southern regions of Ukraine, Carpathian and Transcarpathia.

Apricot fruit crop not too demanding on soil conditions, which grows well enough and forms a good yield even when grown on slopes, along ravines and gullies. This garden crop is quite drought tolerant and resistant to high temperature indicators. Due to the very favorable weather conditions for cultivation and the rich soil composition in a significant part of the regions, the best apricot varieties for Ukraine can be represented as early ripe, as well as mid-ripening and late varieties. However, many gardeners still prefer the cultivation of unpretentious and well adapted to local conditions of low-growing apricot varieties.

Apricots: characteristic varieties

The best early grades

Early varieties of apricot are very popular in the conditions of home gardening, not only in Ukraine, but also in our country. However, newer and more promising varieties of this fruit crop have maximum yield and good adaptation to weather conditions.

Grade nameBotanical DescriptionFruit characterizationAdvantages and disadvantages
"Melitopol early"Medium-sized trees with a wide crownWidely oval, covered with a thin, delicate, yellow-orange with a slight red blush skinDessert and self-fertile variety resistant to bacterial cancer
"Lescore"Trees with high and reverse pyramidal crownMedium-sized aromatic fruits weighing up to 44-45 g, with a pleasant tasteEarly and very productive variety of Czech selection
"Alyosha"Enough tall trees with a spreading crownThe fruits are outwardly attractive and have a very refined, sweet and sour tasteWinter hardiness and frost resistance are high. Fruiting on all types of shoots
"Homestead"Medium growth, with a fairly spreading crownAligned, weighing no more than 43-45 g, light orange in color with a carmine blush. Presentation is very goodSelf-infertile, but very productive variety

Best late grades

Usually late apricot varieties are best suited for long-term storage and are used not only for fresh consumption, but also for canning for the winter period.

Grade nameBotanical DescriptionFruit characterizationAdvantages and disadvantages
"Nikitsky red-cheeked"Vigorous and very well leafy plantsLarge-sized, with a bright blush, pink-orange flesh, excellent tasteTransportable and high grade
"Red partisan"Medium-growth trees with a powerful skeletonAligned and large in size, yellowish-orange fruits with a very balanced taste of juicy pulpIndicators of transportability and keeping quality of the harvested crop are very good.
"Siren"Medium or vigorous plants, bearing fruit in the fourth yearOval, elongated, large orange fruits with a pronounced red blushA very popular and partially demanded semi-fertile variety of Romanian breeders

The best varieties of medium ripening

Mid-ripening varieties are characterized by an excellent combination of good yield with very balanced taste.

Grade nameBotanical DescriptionFruit characterizationAdvantages and disadvantages
"Veteran of Sevastopol"Weedy fruit plants with a relatively rare but sprawling crown typeLarge, round oval attractive shape. The pulp is tasty and tender, orange-yellowish in color.Partially self-fertile and very productive variety with increased winter hardiness
"Red-cheeked Nikolaev"Powerful and tall trees with a spreading, but not dense crownThe fruits are big. Fibrous type of pulp, covered with yellow-orange skin with a very bright blush. Great tasteHarvested is characterized by high rates of keeping quality, transportable. The variety is resistant to major diseases.
BurshtynovyHigh growth, powerful treesEgg-shaped, very large. Pulp is orange, with high juicinessVery frost-resistant variety, with a low risk of infection with moniliosis and claustosporiosis
"Polessky large-fruited"Medium growth plant with attractive crownVery attractive and large, weighing up to 95-105 g. The pulp is not fibrous, delicate and fragrantHarvest is used for fresh consumption, but is also suitable for canning.

Undersized varieties

Low-growing apricot varieties, which are very convenient in terms of placement and care, are quite in demand in home gardening: "Honey", "Calyx", "Iceberg", "Cupid", "Early", and hybrid forms - "DVB-25", "Ok-Zh-2."

As a rule, all undersized apricot varieties belong to the category of slow-growing, compact fruit trees and have a fairly dense, rounded elongated crown. These features make it possible to place fruit stands in small areas and make it very easy to carry out pruning, crown processing and harvesting.

Growing Features

Apricot trees are characterized by high drought tolerance, relatively rapid growth and the ability to early fruiting. Most often, productive age occurs in the third or fourth year after planting a seedling in a permanent place. The yield of apricot plantings is very high and annual.

Caring for properly planted plants is not at all difficult. In the early spring, even before the active sap flow begins in the fruit trees, the apricot is formed and its sanitary pruning. Further measures for the care of garden plantations require timely irrigation measures and the introduction of basic fertilizers. Top dressing is done at least twice a season, and its composition and application rate depend on the age of the fruit trees and the qualitative characteristics of the soil.

Most apricot varieties belong to the category of frost-resistant, so it is easy enough to withstand frosts in winter to -25-30 ° C. A certain shortcoming of existing varieties and forms of apricot can be attributed to a fairly short dormant period in winter. However, climatic conditions in most of Ukraine reduce the risk of death of flowers as a result of late spring frosts to almost zero.

Experienced gardeners in Ukraine and surrounding areas also recommend paying attention to such varieties as Pineapple Tsyurupinsky, Hungarian Best, Superior, Kiev Blush and "Red-cheeked." These varieties combine unpretentiousness, high commercial and taste qualities of fruits, as well as high and stable productivity when grown in the soil and climatic conditions of Ukraine.

How to plant an apricot