We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Muscat squash (Cucurbita moschata) belongs to the plants of the Pumpkin family and is found everywhere in Central America, in southern Mexico, as well as in Colombia and Peru. Currently, many varieties obtained by foreign and domestic breeders are widely cultivated in most countries of Eurasia.
Description and description of the best varieties
Muscat squash is an annual plant with creeping stems. The leaves are long, petiolate, alternate, with pubescence. The flowers are yellow. Fruits are represented by multi-seeded false berries with a solid, smooth, pentahedral, extended stalk. The most popular among Russian gardeners are several varieties of nutmeg pumpkins.
Muscat pumpkin: features of the variety
Grade "Pearl Muscat"
It belongs to the new varieties of nutmeg pumpkin and has a very original fruit shape. The description of the variety assumes the presence of a juicy pulp with excellent palatability. Ripe pulp is ideal for eating not only fresh, but also widely used for processing. The "Pearl Muscat" variety is mid-season, and the period from mass seedlings to complete ripening of the fruit is 116-135 days.
The plant is formed by a climbing and quite powerful. Fruits are smooth or with weak segmentation. They are characterized by an elongated pear-shaped and orange color. The average weight of the marketable fruit does not exceed 3.2–5.6 kg. Fully ripened flesh of dark orange color, dense texture, crispy, very sweet and juicy. Contains a significant amount of carotene. The intra-seed chamber is not large, so most of the fruit is occupied by pulp.
Variety "Muscat de Provence"
Mid-season French variety with high productivity. The fruits of Muscat de Provence fully ripen in about four months after emergence. For many vegetable growers, this highly productive type of nutmeg pumpkin from the well-established French company "Clause" is known as the "Muscat Provence" pumpkin.
Fruits are flat-round in shape, with pronounced ribbing and an orange surface. The pulp has a dense texture, thick, bright orange, juicy and sweet. The plant is long and climbing, which involves the diversion of large enough areas and allows you to grow a high yield from each plant. Harvested compares favorably with the fruits of many nutmeg varieties with transportability and excellent keeping quality.
Other well-known nutmeg varieties are less common in our country, but, nevertheless, by their quality characteristics, they deserve the attention of gardeners.
|Grade name||Fruit Description||Pulp Features||Advantages and disadvantages|
|"Vitamin"||Oval or cylindrical in shape, weighing no more than 7.3 kg||Bright orange, thick||Long variety|
|Muscat||Oval or spherical shape, with noticeable segmentation, weighing up to 7.3 kg||Thick, bright orange||Late ripening|
|Butternut||Pear-shaped, with a dark surface||Orange, sweet, very fragrant||Small fruit sizes|
|"Plavkadu"||Medium orange||Very juicy and sweet, with a bright aroma||Universal use of pulp|
|Marble||Wrinkled-segmented, tuberous, covered with gray and dark gray bark, weighing up to 6.5 kg||Intense orange, thick and hard, crunchy, very tasty and sweet||Late ripening variety|
|T-7||Dark green, with a weak, translucent mesh, weighing no more than 2.2 kg||Dark orange, dense, sweet and very juicy||Medium-late and long-graded variety, demanding on the soil|
|Candied||Covered with bark of dark brown color, with a greenish tint. Average weight not more than 5.1 kg||Thick up to 4-6 cm, orange-red color, sweet, juicy||Mid-season and long-stringed unpretentious variety|
The technology of growing olive pumpkin
You can grow nutmeg pumpkin in both seedlings and seedlings:
- Prepared for sowing seeds should be planted in the first decade of May under a film cover. Wells for sowing should be placed along the ridge at a distance of 80–90 cm with a depth of 5–6 cm. Two seeds should be sown in each planting hole, and after emergence, remove the weakest plant.
- Many gardeners prefer to use the seedling method for growing pumpkins. In this case, the prepared seed material is sown in separate seedlings in April or May. Sowing containers should be located on the south window, which will allow you to grow strong seedlings without additional exposure. The optimal temperature regime for growing seedlings is 25–27 ° C. Nutmeg pumpkin seedlings under normal growing conditions appear approximately 6-7 days after planting. It is recommended to plant seedlings on ridges of open ground after the appearance of three true leaves. About a week before planting, the plants should be subjected to hardening measures, gradually lowering the temperature in the daytime to 15-16 ° C, and night values should be 13-14 ° C.
For cultivation of pumpkins, it is recommended to devote areas on which legumes, any kinds of cabbage, as well as tomatoes or potatoes were grown before. The place for the pumpkin should be dry and warm, well lit by sunlight and without stagnation of moisture. A good result is the cultivation of nutmeg pumpkins on compost heaps. Seedling material must be planted in the planting holes, into which a small amount of humus or compost is introduced.
For a quicker and hassle-free survival, it is necessary to carry out high-quality watering of plants in the first days, as well as to perform shading from sunlight. The main stalk needs to be pinched upon reaching a length of 1.3-1.5 m. As a result of pinching, two lateral shoots should remain on each adult plant, the length of which does not exceed 0.6-0.7 m.
At the stage of intensive growth, vegetable crops should be watered at the rate of 15−20 l of water per square meter of planted area. Before the beginning of the flowering period and in the phase of fruit filling, irrigation should be as abundant as possible, using water at 20 ° C. After watering, shallow loosening of the soil around the plants is necessarily carried out.
To obtain high yields and improve the quality characteristics of fruits, a vegetable crop must be fed several times per season. The first top dressing is carried out by nitrophosic, carried out after the formation of the fifth true leaflet on plants. The second top dressing - mullein solution in the lash phase. Watering plants with warm water with the addition of wood ash has a good effect.
In order to protect nutmeg pumpkins from pests and damage to many diseases, a variety of chemicals and biological agents are used. Judging by the reviews of vegetable growers and gardeners, pumpkin cultures of this variety are sufficiently stable. Nevertheless, carrying out simple protective measures will increase productivity.
For processing, it is recommended to use biofungicides or growth stimulating agents such as Immunocytophyte, Krezacin, Silk or Epin. Very effective is spraying plants with "Acrobat" or "Kurzatom".
All about pumpkin
Fully ripened nutmeg pumpkins should be cut together with the stem, the length of which should be approximately 5-6 cm. When the optimum humidity and temperature are observed, the harvest is very well preserved until spring.