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Harvest varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses in the Moscow region allow you to collect a large, tasty harvest every year. For each region, different varieties are selected that are capable of withstanding certain climatic conditions.
The best choice for the Moscow region
The weather in the Moscow region is not stable, cold weather can be replaced by hot weather, and drought can be replaced by torrential rains. Sudden changes in air temperature do not have the best effect on the growth and development of tomato bushes. Therefore, summer residents prefer to take care of vegetables in greenhouses installed on their site.
When choosing a variety of tomatoes for greenhouses in the Moscow region, it is recommended to stop choosing vegetable crops of local selection. There are certain types that have proven themselves only from the best side. Their description is presented below.
Most experienced summer residents choose tomato hybrids for the Moscow region. Breeders bred them by crossing two or more varieties to create the best characteristics. Such tomato bushes rarely get sick and are rarely attacked by pests, they firmly endure cold or heat.
The best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses in the Moscow region can be of a determinant or indeterminate type of growth. When choosing, you can also take into account the timing of harvesting, the size and color of ripe fruits.
The De Barao variety is often planted, which belongs to the determinant species. Unlimited stem growth can reach 4 meters. It has a late maturity of fruits, is distinguished by good shade and cold tolerance. De Barao is resistant to many infectious agents. Ripe fruits with a dense but delicate skin weigh about 100 g.
Ilyich F1 belongs to the indeterminate type. The bush grows up to 150 cm. It is neat, not too sprawling. Fruits, weighing 140 g, are placed on branches in 5-6 pieces. The variety avoids many diseases.
You can plant the tomato variety Gina in the greenhouse. It is a short, determinate species. The bush stretches up to 55 cm. It is not necessary to install a support and carry out pinching. Full ripening of fruits weighing 250 g occurs after 112 days. Shows high resistance to many tomato diseases.
Tomato variety Explosion allows you to harvest the first crop after 100 days. Determinate, sprawling bushes grow up to 55 cm.It rarely gets sick, tolerates temperature changes well. The fruits ripen at the same time, weigh 110 g, are well stored and transported.
The sweet bunch belongs to the indeterminate group. The stem grows up to 2.5 m. Growing tomatoes involves shaping the stem, cutting off the stepsons and tying them up. The first fruits can be harvested after 102 days. The variety is susceptible to late blight, so it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment. Fruit weight is about 30 g.
The best varieties of tomatoes for a polycarbonate greenhouse for the Moscow region include the same: Raspberry Giant, Andromeda, Demidov, Fitous, Red Arrow.
Varieties for a rich harvest
All summer residents want to harvest a rich, high-quality harvest at the end of the season. Reviews of experienced vegetable growers will help you choose the most suitable varieties of tomatoes. It is they who mark the best characteristics in the following varieties of tomatoes for a greenhouse in the Moscow region.
Pink honey has a medium term for the formation of large fruits. It is a determinant species. The stem can be extended up to one meter. The variety develops even with a lack of moisture, rarely gets sick. Fruits reach 1 kg in weight, are prone to cracking, therefore they are poorly stored.
The Blagovest F1 hybrid belongs to the determinant type, stretches up to 1.5 meters in height. Spreading bush, strongly branches. It is recommended to tie up not only the main stem, but also the side brushes. Better to form in two stems. The hybrid is resistant to many diseases and pests. The fruits begin to ripen after 102 days.
Alenka is a high-yielding vegetable crop. The bush is small, compact, but support is required due to the large harvest. Fruits weighing about 100 g begin to ripen after 95 days. The plant tolerates temperature changes well and resists many infections.
The eagle's beak is a semi-determinate, mid-season tomato species. One bush can be harvested up to 8 kg. The mass of large fruits with an interesting pointed shape resembling a beak is about 500 g.
Cardinal is a medium early variety with an indeterminate type of growth. The bush can grow up to 2 meters. When growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, it is recommended to carry out the formation and the bush must be tied up. On one hand, 8-10 tomatoes gradually ripen, weighing about 300 g. Shows high resistance to many infections.
The best varieties of tomatoes are presented by Irishka F1. The height of the bush is no more than 58 cm. The fruits begin to sing after 92 days. Shows resistance to many pathogens. Poorly tolerates cold. The fruits begin to ripen at the same time, the weight is about 112 g.
The advantages of the Sultan variety are high yields, high resistance to diseases and the formation of large fruits weighing 130 g. The average fruit ripening limits allow harvesting after 115 days. The bush is low, about 62 cm high.
Judging by the reviews of vegetable growers, they often choose other high-yielding varieties for planting in the Moscow region: Iceberg, Medok, Volovye Ushko, Biff, Major. Those who have sown the seeds of these varieties, note the numerous number of delicious tomatoes that are universal in their purpose.
In a polycarbonate greenhouse, gardeners often grow early-maturing varieties of tomatoes. From the moment the first shoots appear until the ripening period of the crop, it takes about three months. They very rarely succumb to infections. Early varieties always have high yields.
White filling in height grows to 72 cm. The fruits begin to sing early, after about 93 days. Bushes do not need support. The plant is rarely infected with various infections. A large number of fruits ripen at the same time, their weight reaches 110 g. With proper care, up to 3 kg of harvest can be harvested from each bush.
The best result can please the Wonder of the Earth variety. It is distinguished by the early ripening of a large number of large tomatoes. The average height of the bush is about 140 cm. The weight of one heart-like fruit can reach 700 g. At the stage of ripening, they turn bright pink. Be sure to pinch and fertilize.
Tomatoes Andromeda F1 begin to ripen after 95 days and can weigh about 80 g. Bushes are small, about 60 cm in height, not very branchy. The variety has a high yield. It is imperative to carry out additional feeding, weakly resists late blight.
The early-ripening tomato variety Nevsky belongs to the determinant type of plants. The fruits begin to ripen after 96 days. The bush is small, it grows only up to 35 cm in height. The variety rarely gets sick, it can develop with a lack of moisture, and gives a large harvest. The weight of a ripe tomato is about 45 g.
Tomato varieties for the Moscow region with very early boundaries for the appearance of mature fruits on the bushes.
Sanka has early borders of fruit ripening, the type of growth is determinant. The bush reaches about 55 cm. The fruits can be tasted after 82 days, ripen together and their weight is about 120 g. It continues to develop in the shade and in cold air. The variety has good immunity to many diseases and pests.
There are other popular varieties of tomatoes with early ripening boundaries: Federico, Tamara, Merry Dwarf, Bird of Happiness, Machaon.
How to grow tomatoes
When to plant tomatoes depends on many factors. The main criteria are the availability of heating and additional lighting in the room, the quality and composition of the soil.
It is possible to plant tomatoes in a greenhouse in the Moscow region in early April.
Sowing seeds with early ripening of fruits is best in early March. Mid-season varieties are best planted in mid-April.
Growing tomatoes on the territory of the Moscow region is recommended by the seedling method, which will allow you to accurately get a rich and high-quality harvest.
For seedlings, you need to choose the right soil. A mixture of humus, turf and peat is ideal. You can add a composition of superphosphate, sand and wood ash. The earth is poured into boxes, watered abundantly and moved to the greenhouse.
Selected the best tomato seeds should be processed before planting. For disinfection, a solution of potassium permanganate is often chosen, but you can prepare a composition from baking soda or aloe juice. The prepared soil is also disinfected. For this purpose, the drug Fitosporin is chosen.
In the soil, pits are made about 1.5 cm deep at a distance of 2 cm from each other and the prepared seeds are sown. From above, the holes are covered with earth. A favorable air temperature at which the seeds will sprout faster is considered to be 25 degrees.
As soon as the first pair of leaves unfold, the plants dive into the greenhouse soil. The distance between the bushes should be at least 45 cm. In the course of the growth of the bushes, it is necessary to carry out pinching, tying, loosening the soil and weeding from weeds.