How to drink a lamb without a sheep at home, feeding scheme

How to drink a lamb without a sheep at home, feeding scheme

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It is not uncommon for a lamb to be left without food because the mother died or refuses to feed. Proper and nutritious nutrition is extremely important in the first weeks of a baby's life, it provides strong immunity. Every farmer should know how to drink a newborn lamb without a sheep in order to save it from death. There are several methods of watering, the owner chooses the appropriate one taking into account the situation and his own capabilities.

How to feed lambs without a sheep

The reason why the lamb was left without a mother is not so important, but it is important that it dies if it is not properly drunk. When a sheep is sick, refused to feed the offspring, or died, the orphaned cub is fed in one of the following ways:

  • put to another uterus;
  • are given milk from another sheep to drink;
  • fed with goat or cow milk;
  • fed with a synthetic analogue of milk.

Milk is the staple food of the newborn lamb. Within 2 days after birth, the cub must at least once receive maternal colostrum, without which the immune system will not "turn on", the internal organs will not begin to work fully, the body will not survive. Then you can drink your pet in any of the above ways.

Experienced farmers keep a second lactating female nearby for the duration of the birth of one sheep, which, if necessary, becomes a foster-mother.

If a sheep that has given birth does not have problems with lactation, but refuses to feed, then colostrum is donated to water the offspring. If the lambs suckle the mother, but she does not have enough milk for everyone, then complementary foods are required, without which the cubs will grow weak, get sick, and with a high probability will die. Colostrum can be requested from another farm if your own does not have lactating sheep.

Cow's milk used for feeding or feeding needs to be fortified, since its composition is somewhat different. The sheep product contains more fat. For enrichment, fish oil and chicken eggs are added to cow's milk. The resulting mixture is heated to 35-40 ° C, poured into a bottle, a rubber teat is put on so that the baby is comfortable to suck.

You can drink lamb with synthetic milk powder, which is sold in veterinary pharmacies. The product contains the optimal amount of fat and nutrients required by a developing animal. It is prepared like an infant formula: the powder is dissolved in boiled water. You cannot give semolina porridge to a newborn lamb. The product is difficult to digest, it is permissible to include it in the diet in an amount of no more than 100 g per day, when the animal is one month old.

But from 2 weeks of age, the cub can eat a small amount of oatmeal.

According to the adult diet, the lamb eats from 3 months of age; from this period, feeding with milk ceases to be a vital necessity. The diet of a growing pet includes:

  • juicy food - grass, roots, silage;
  • roughage - hay;
  • concentrates - grain compositions, compound feed;
  • sources of vitamins and minerals - salt stones, bone meal, chalk.

A lamb that has reached 3 months of age can be sent to pasture with the rest of the sheep.

How to add lambs to another sheep?

When several sheep were born on the farm at the same time, then they can slip the lambs left without a mother. But sheep recognize their offspring by smell, so they do not always accept other people's cubs, and those, not receiving colostrum, die. There are several ways to prevent the babies from being discarded by non-native queens:

  1. The refusenik's fur is coated with colostrum or the contents of the amniotic fluid of a newly born sheep. The cub takes on the scent of a nurse.
  2. The conscientious objector is washed with saline to wash away the maternal scent. Then his little body is pressed against the body of the nurse's own cub, the fur coats are rubbed against each other so that the smells of the lambs become the same.
  3. A high-yielding sheep is tied to the bench, the head is fixed so that it is not possible to turn around, to smell the offspring. The lamb freely approaches the udder, receives colostrum. Usually a few of these feedings are enough for the sheep to adopt a step-offs. A similar procedure can be carried out with a mother who refuses to feed her offspring.

Basic feeding rules

Lambs growing without a uterus are weak, do not have strong immunity. So that they do not get sick, their cultivation at home must be approached with the utmost responsibility. Small animals without a sheep are kept dry and warm in a ventilated area. Artificial feeding involves the use of a bottle that is disinfected before each drink. Also, all equipment for care and feeding is disinfected, scalded with boiling water. Otherwise, pathogenic microorganisms will seriously harm the weak body of a lamb growing without a mother.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Milk for feeding lambs must be boiled, even if this reduces the concentration of nutrients.

Newborn refuseniks are not overfed. But they shouldn't go hungry either. Daily portions are strictly rationed. An overfed lamb is more likely to have stomach malfunction. Feeding scheme without sheep:

  • in the first week of a pet's life, the interval between feedings should be a maximum of 2.5 hours, in total 6-7 meals are taken per day, that is, they are fed both day and night;
  • in the second week, the number of feedings is reduced to 5;
  • in the period from 3 to 6 weeks, 4 meals a day are enough to feed the pet;
  • from the 7th week, the lamb eats 3 times a day.

Feeding the lamb by age

The diet changes as the lamb grows. From the age of 2 weeks, the pet begins to use complementary foods in the form of decoctions, from the month - root crops. They are given at first 20 g, so that the lamb does not get carried away from unusual food, then the portion is increased every day by 10 g. From 2 months the animal is accustomed to grass.

The table shows an algorithm for feeding small pets from birth to one year of age.

AgeFeed typeProductsQuantity per day
feeding a newborn lamb without a sheepmilkcow, sheep, goat, synthetic substitute200-400 ml
2 weekmilkcow, sheep, goat, synthetic analog400-800 ml
lurebroth of oatmeal, cake, oatmeal, wheat bran40, 20, 25, 25 g
mineralsdrug "Tetravit"injection under the skin 1 ml per specimen
monthlymilkcow, sheep, goat, synthetic substitute800 ml
lurebroth of oatmeal, cake, oat porridge, wheat bran, hay, root vegetables30, 60, 60, 60, 150-200, from 20 g
2 monthmilkcow, sheep, goat, synthetic analog400-600 ml
lurebroth of oatmeal, cake, oatmeal, wheat bran, grass, roots20, 100, 100, 100, 500, 300 g
mineralssalt stones, chalk
3 monthmain feedbroth of oatmeal, cake, oatmeal, wheat bran, grass, root crops20, 100, 150, 150, 900, 400 g
mineralssalt stones, chalk
from 4 monthsmain feedconcentrates, hay, grass, roots300, 400, 2000, 600 g
mineralssalt stones, mineral supplements
from 8 monthsmain feedrough, juicy, concentrated40%, 30%, 45%
mineralssalt stones, mineral supplements

What can not be fed

A lamb, especially one growing without a sheep, has a weak digestive system and a delicate body, so the introduction of new products into the diet should be gradual and careful. It is unacceptable to feed young individuals, even those already switching to adult food, with the following products:

  • sour and marsh grasses (sedge, horsetail and the like);
  • sugar beet (it causes diabetes);
  • bakery products, pastries.

Possible problems

When a lamb is 2 weeks old, it is weaned from bottle-sucking, it is taught to feed from a bowl. This is not an easy task. If the pet stubbornly does not eat from unusual dishes, then they do the following: the finger is dipped in milk, brought to the animal's mouth, then again slowly, demonstratively lowered into a bowl.

The cub will soon be interested in the contents of the bowl. When this happens, you need to slightly change the feeding regime, give food 30 minutes later. The pet will get hungry, interest in the contents of the dishes will increase even more.

Diarrhea in young animals is not uncommon. To reduce the likelihood of its appearance, you should carefully monitor the quality of the feed and the feeding regime, do not drastically change the diet. If diarrhea does start, the lamb should be drunk with plenty of water to prevent dehydration, then shown to the veterinarian, especially if the diarrhea is accompanied by a deterioration in well-being and appetite.

Watch the video: Sheep Birth Lamb#2 (May 2022).