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How and when is it better to transplant cherries to another place

How and when is it better to transplant cherries to another place


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Transplanting a tree is a very laborious process; if it is not performed correctly, it can both damage the cherry and destroy it. If the plant is immediately planted in the right place, then the transplant can be avoided. But there are situations when the gardener is forced to transfer the berry crop from one place to another. Therefore, such questions arise: how to properly transplant cherries to another place, at what age the plant will successfully transfer the transplant, what period is more acceptable for this event.

In what cases is a cherry transplant necessary

The need to transplant cherries at a mature age may arise for the following reasons:

  1. Erection of new buildings.
  2. Change of design of the garden plot.
  3. Thinning of widely grown plantations.
  4. Soil not suitable for growing berry crops.

There are many more reasons prompting a gardener to take on this difficult task.

Any tree transplant, and also at a fruiting age, is capable of disrupting the natural course of physiological processes. Therefore, it is important to familiarize yourself with effective agricultural techniques that will help in improving survival rate, restoring shoot growth, and minimizing the break in fruiting.

The age of the cherry that needs to be transplanted to another place should not exceed 5-6 years. Healthy plants that do not have a damaged stem are subject to transplant..

In what period can you transplant

The transplant may fail. The reason is that mature trees react negatively to damage to branches, roots and grow back with difficulty. Knowing in what period to transplant, you can minimize the risks.

Spring

Spring is considered an auspicious period for replanting mature plants. An important condition is to do this as early as possible, before the start of the growing season. Since there will be enough time to strengthen the root system of the sweet cherry in the ground. The tree will have time to adapt during the summer months, get used to new conditions and get stronger.

Summer

Summer is not the best time for transplanting. During this period, it is permissible to transplant young specimens. A tree can be transplanted only by transshipment, otherwise the result is not guaranteed.

Important! The transplanting process should be carried out in cloudy, rainy weather.

Autumn

In the fall, you can transfer from mid-October to November, depending on the weather. If it is warm and humid, transplant it later, the main thing is that the tree has time to prepare for winter. It is important to do this before frost sets in and the top layer of the soil freezes.

When is the best time to transplant?

The transplant needs special attention, because the cherry tree is stressed and may die, so it is better to do it in spring or autumn. Transplanting during these seasons is showing good results.

Site preparation and planting pit

Sweet cherry is demanding on the soil composition, therefore, when choosing a place, give preference to lighted, elevated areas, fenced off from strong winds. The soil should be characterized by looseness, moisture resistance, fertility. The type is predominantly medium loamy, sandy loam.

The size of the planting pit depends on the age. If the plant is 5-6 years old, then the hole should have a depth of 0.5 meters, since its root will be 1-2 m deep. If the cherries are older, a depth of 0.8 m will be sufficient. Before planting, equip the bottom of the pit with a soil mixture containing the top layer of soil and humus.

Technology for transplanting cherries of different varieties and ages

There are two types of cherry transplantation: when the roots are open and if they are hidden in the ground. In the second case, the culture is transplanted with a lump of soil. This is an ideal solution, as the root system remains in the habitual environment, is not disturbed and will be tightly connected with a piece of earth.

We transplant seedlings

Only healthy seedlings are to be transplanted. To do this, make a moat around the cherry in six months. Carefully cut and trim the roots, then coat with a garden varnish. Fill the moat with humus. Water the seedling during the summer.

By the fall, superficial roots will grow, this will allow the plant to take root in a new place. Transplant in the fall, as the leaves fall, a month before the onset of frost, into the finished hole, compacting the top layer of the earth so that the roots adhere to the ground as much as possible.

How to transplant an adult tree

When transplanting adult crops, take into account the age of the settler. It is better to transplant three-year-old cherries as soon as spring comes and always with an earthen clod. In the process of planting, take into account that the root collar should be at ground level when settling. The survival rate of cherries that are more than 4 years old will increase significantly if the transplant is performed as follows:

  1. In the fall, dig a trench near the tree to a shovel width of at least 70 cm deep.
  2. Cut the roots, and pour the mixture into the trench, the composition of which should have a nutritious substrate, humus, peat. The cut roots will grow back in a year, and small fibrous roots will form on them, which will help the plant to take root in the future.
  3. In the spring a year later, dig up the soil from the outside of the trench, trying to save all the small roots. Then, taking a shovel, cut off the lower roots and carefully remove the tree along with a lump of earth.
  4. Dip into the prepared hole and sprinkle with soil mixture.
  5. To water and to reduce evaporation of moisture, wrap the stems at the base of the skeletal branches with moss or burlap and moisten them with water from time to time.
  6. To prevent trees from swaying under the gusts of wind, secure them in the ground with reliable stretch marks.
  7. Mulch the circle around the trunk using humus, sawdust.

With proper care, the adaptation of plants lasts 2 years, and by the 3rd year they will begin to delight with a full harvest..

Transplanting a young tree

In order to correctly transplant a coppice tree and get a beautiful, flowering plant and a high-quality harvest, you should adhere to the following procedure:

  1. Carefully dig up a tree, try to keep a lump of earth on the roots.
  2. Examine the roots, freeing from damaged parts. If the transition zone from stem to root is dry, soak it in water for 2-3 hours.
  3. Place the cherries in the center of the groove, while the root collar should be 3 cm above the ground. Sprinkle with nutritious substrate on top.
  4. Place a peg near the tree and fix the plant to prevent it from falling over.
  5. Water and mulch abundantly. This technique will retain moisture for the plant and protect the roots from severe frosts.

Performing all the manipulations correctly, for the next season you can get a healthy tree, which will normally develop roots.

Self-fertile cherries

For certain crop varieties, pollen from trees of a different variety is required for successful pollination. Therefore, when changing the place of cherries, care should be taken to ensure that pollinating plants grow nearby. The ideal distance for cross-pollination is no more than 50 m.

Plant care after planting in a new place

The decisive factor in the successful survival of the transplanted cherry is considered to be competent care for it after transplantation:

  1. So that the cherries do not lose moisture and nutrients, shorten the main branches by 1/3 when planting. Treat the wounds using garden varnish, drying oil.
  2. Constantly inspect plants for signs of diseases and pests, and if problems are detected, promptly take appropriate measures to combat them.
  3. Organize high-quality watering to maximize the development of new surface roots instead of cut ones.
  4. Mulch the soil near the tree using peat, humus, this will preserve the moisture of the soil.
  5. In the year of transplantation, if the cherry blossoms, you need to remove the flowers so that fruiting does not additionally load the still immature plant.

A transplanted cherry in its first growing season will require more attention than the rest of the trees.

Common mistakes

Common mistakes that are made during the transplant process include:

  • low or high location of the root collar;
  • not adhering to the correct planting scheme;
  • not preparedness of the pit for planting, neglect of fertilization;
  • lack of support and garter.

Transplanting mature trees is a troublesome and responsible business, therefore it is important to arm yourself with the necessary knowledge and not to rush.

Tips and tricks for a successful transplant

Before proceeding with transplanting adult cherries to another place, you need to heed the advice of knowledgeable gardeners:

  • replant varieties that are more likely to get used to a new place;
  • keep the main roots and their ramifications as intact as possible;
  • when transplanting, keep its orientation relative to the cardinal points, which will relieve sunburn and bark injuries;
  • protect the roots and bark of branches from drying out;
  • increase the chance of survival by cutting branches to restore the balance between the root system and the crown;
  • provide the transplanted tree with high-quality soil mixture and care.

Considering all the nuances, you can successfully transplant a cherry tree on your own without the involvement of professionals.

Transplanting an adult sweet cherry from one place to another is a very risky operation. The older the tree, the greater the risk of losing it. If you arm yourself with knowledge and perform all the necessary agricultural techniques, the likelihood of a favorable outcome will increase significantly.


Watch the video: How to Germinate Pepper Seeds INCREDIBLY QUICK with 99% Germination! (July 2022).


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