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Description of varieties of tuberous begonias, planting and care in the garden and breeding methods

Description of varieties of tuberous begonias, planting and care in the garden and breeding methods


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Tuberous begonia has a wide variety of varieties, planting and caring for the garden does not require much effort and time. The culture is famous for its bright colors of inflorescences and is widely used in landscape design.

Tuberous begonia: features and characteristics of culture

Begonia is a perennial plant with twisted shoots. The bush can grow up to 70 cm in height, depending on the variety. The leaves of the plant are heart-shaped and large in size. Inflorescences can be of different sizes, however, as a rule, they consist of a cluster of flowers, forming a panicle. Features of the plant:

  • can be grown both outdoors and indoors;
  • forms tubers;
  • flower color can be varied;
  • each cultivar can react differently to changes in the environment.

Begonia varieties differ in leaf size and flower color. Also, inflorescences can be of various shapes and sizes.

Benefits of using in landscaping

A wide range of colors of plants allows you to create compositions and is often used in landscape design.

Benefits of begonia:

  • the plant is unpretentious in care;
  • saturated colors;
  • used for planting in a pot;
  • can be used as a cover for flower beds;
  • you can create various curly designs;
  • street begonia is used to create slides;
  • goes well with various plants.

Disadvantages:

  • planting begonias in an area with constant sun exposure can contribute to the absence of inflorescences on the bushes;
  • In the fall, begonia must be dug up, which can cause discomfort for large compositions.

The plant has a long flowering period and is an ideal garden decoration.

Popular varieties

Among the large list of begonia varieties, it is necessary to highlight the most commonly used ones.

VarietiesCharacteristic
Pikoti HarlequinSmall bush, yellow flowers, double. Leaves are small with teeth
Bouton de RoseInflorescences outwardly resemble a rose, light pink in color. Bushes are small, no more than 20 cm high
Duck RedSprawling bush, can reach up to 18 cm in height. Inflorescences are large, bright red
Crispa MarginataThe bush is up to 20 cm high. The plant is distinguished by bright inflorescences that have a curly edge and various colors. A distinctive feature of the inflorescence is the presence of a red border
Ampel varieties of begonias
RocsanaA cascading bush. The height of erect stems reaches up to 30 cm.It blooms with orange inflorescences
KristyPlant height reaches only 20 cm, shoots spread over the soil. Inflorescences are white
ChansonBush up to 25 cm high.Inflorescences are small, in large quantities
Bolivian begonia
Santa Cruz Sunset F1The bush reaches a height of 35 cm.The inflorescences are red with orange impurities
Copacabana F1Small bushes up to 30 cm. Red bell-shaped flowers
Ever-flowering begonia
Begonia ever-flowering Baby WingBush up to 40 cm high, inflorescences of various colors and small shapes
AmbassadorBushes of low height with a red border. Small inflorescences of various colors
CocktailThe height of the bush is 15 cm. The root system is in the form of a tuber. Blooms profusely with red and orange flowers
Hybrid views
Tuber gardenIt implies a large number of varieties. The bush is small in size, the flowers outwardly resemble pink
Root begoniaThe bushes are small in stature and are most often grown in pots. However, they can also be used as an addition to compositions.

Growing conditions

In order for the plant to flourish and delight, it is necessary to observe the peculiarities of begonia care.

Location in the garden: suitable and unsuitable neighbors

When landing in open ground, it is necessary to choose an area where there is a slight partial shade, and direct sunlight does not fall more than 5 hours a day. The plant prefers an average level of moisture, an excessive amount of water can lead to the formation of diseases.

Good neighborsBad neighbors
· Marigolds;

Cineraria;

Chrysanthemum;

Aster;

· Bells;

· Verbena;

· Ageratum;

Balsam

· Fruit trees;

Sweet peas;

Plants that require large amounts of sunlight

Begonia is most often used as the main plant in garden beds.

Illumination

Begonia prefers light shade. Sunlight should be diffused. The plant does not like frequent changes in the environment. However, prolonged shade can lead to the fact that the bush will develop poorly, stretch upwards and not bloom.

Important. Direct sunlight on leaves can cause burns and kill the plant.

Requirements for the composition of the soil

The soil for begonias should be light, with plenty of organic fertilizers. In order for the plant to be less susceptible to diseases, fine river sand is used, mixed with the same amount of humus and two parts of the soil. If the soil is poor, additional potash and phosphorus fertilizers, as well as peat, can be used.

Temperature regime

The plant, with proper care and timely watering, can withstand high temperatures without losing color. However, low temperatures can have a detrimental effect on bushes. A plant is planted only when the soil warms up, the first time after planting it is recommended to use insulation.

How to plant begonia outdoors

Planting a plant does not require special skills, it is enough to follow the standard rules.

Disembarkation dates

The plant is planted most often in mid-May, when there is no night frost. At night, the air temperature should be at least 12 degrees. However, if the weather conditions are favorable, the planting can be carried out earlier, at night the planting is covered with plastic wrap.

Landing schemes and technology

Planting a plant does not cause difficulties, the following steps must be followed:

  • small holes up to 7 cm deep are made in the prepared area;
  • wells are pre-watered with warm water;
  • drainage is laid at the bottom of the hole;
  • the tuber is carefully placed in the hole, sprinkled with soil;
  • if already germinated seedlings are used, the ground part of the plant should be placed on the soil surface;
  • the soil is compacted a little.

The distance between the holes must be at least 20 cm, otherwise the plant will have a lack of nutrients.

How to care for a bush

Proper maintenance includes watering and regular loosening of the soil. It is also important to apply fertilizers in a timely manner and monitor the condition of the leaves and shoots of the crop.

Watering and feeding

Watering the flower beds is carried out every three days in the morning. If the soil is wet, irrigation is transferred to the next day. It is necessary to water the plant in moderation, excessive moisture leads to damage to the roots.

Fertilizers are applied according to the following scheme:

  • after planting, a complex mineral fertilizer is applied to the soil;
  • during the period of bud formation, it is necessary to use potassium and phosphorus for abundant color;
  • mineral fertilizers are added in July.

In the fall, feeding is not carried out, since it is necessary to prepare the roots for winter.

Pruning

In order for the bush to have an attractive shape, pruning is recommended. It is recommended to remove leaves and shoots after the bush reaches a height of 10 cm. All unnecessary shoots are removed and a bush is formed.

After the shoots of the plant reach a length of 12-15 cm, the top is pinched. In order not to infect an infection, a sharp knife is used, which is pretreated with manganese.

Important. So that the plant does not die, the place of the cut is sprinkled with charcoal after pruning.

Begonia transplant

It is not recommended to replant the plant, since begonia does not tolerate a change in the place of growth. However, if necessary, the following actions are used:

  • water the plant with water;
  • carefully using a small spatula, dig up the plant along with the soil;
  • place the seedling in a container with a light manganese solution for 15 minutes;
  • transplant into prepared holes.

After the plant is removed from the soil, it is not recommended to delay the planting process at a new growth site.

Diseases and pests: treatment and control

Bushes are most commonly affected by the following types of pests:

  • aphid;
  • shield;
  • whitefly;
  • nematodes.

For pest control, the following drugs are used: "Actellik", "Fitoferm", "Biotlin".

Among the diseases most often occur:

  • powdery mildew;
  • gray rot;
  • bacterial spotting.

For treatment, a thorough loosening of the soil and spraying with the following preparations is carried out: "Topaz", "Fundazol", a light solution of copper sulfate.

Wintering a flower

In mid-August, watering and fertilization stops, the roots of the plant are prepared for further storage during the winter.

Is it necessary to dig up plants for the winter?

The tubers are dug up in mid-November. It is imperative to dig up the roots of begonia, otherwise the culture may die. The tubers are located in the upper layers of the soil, so the impact of low temperatures affects the planting material.

Difference between wintering begonia at home and outdoors

Tubers that grew in the open field are large and require mandatory digging for the winter. Flowers that grew in pots also go into hibernation, however, they are small in size and remain in their pots until spring.

How to keep young begonia tubers in winter

In order to prevent tubers from dying during the winter, the following storage tips must be followed:

  • storage is carried out in a cool place;
  • it is necessary to water the planting material so that the roots do not dry out;
  • young tubers are placed in wooden boxes, it is periodically necessary to inspect the roots and remove sprouts if they appear prematurely.

You can also store planting material in a plastic bag filled with peat, such a bag is placed in the refrigerator in the compartment for storing vegetables.

Reproduction methods

Tuberous begonia reproduces in the following ways:

  • Reproduction by a sheet. For this, a leaf with a handle is used. A leaf with a handle is placed in water and left until the roots appear. Then the sprout is planted in the ground. Another breeding method is also used, small longitudinal cuts are made on the leaf of the plant. The sheet is placed on the ground with cuts down. A plastic wrap is put on top of the pot.
  • Reproduction using seeds. The seeds are purchased from a gardening store. Planting takes place in February. Drainage and special seedling soil are placed in special boxes for planting. The seeds are spread over the soil surface at a distance of 2 cm from each other. They are sprayed with water from above and pressed a little into the ground. They are covered with glass from above. After the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings dive.
  • Propagation by cuttings. This method involves the use of a shoot, which is placed for an hour in a growth activator, and then in peat. The seedling must sometimes be watered so that the cutting takes root.

The culture can reproduce in various ways, while not reducing its characteristics.

The main difficulties in growing

When growing begonias, the following difficulties may arise:

  • brown spots appear on the leaves, this indicates excessive sunlight, which resulted in burns;
  • leaves curl - it is necessary to spray the plants;
  • inflorescences fall off - excessive watering of the crop.

With improper care, very often the culture is exposed to diseases and does not give color; when such symptoms appear, it is necessary to revise the rules of care. Begonia is famous for its variety of varieties and unique flowers. Compliance with the rules of care will allow you to make various compositions and flower slides.


Watch the video: How To Grow Tuberous Begonias - White Flower Farm (May 2022).