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Description and characteristics of Gera pear varieties, pros and cons and cultivation

Description and characteristics of Gera pear varieties, pros and cons and cultivation



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When choosing seedlings for their summer cottage or garden plot, all people expect to get good harvests of tasty, fragrant fruits. In addition, the trees must be suitable for the specific region and not suffer from harsh winters or prolonged heat. A detailed story today is about what advantages the owner gets when he planted a Hera pear in his garden.

Description and characteristics of the pear variety Gera

It is a winter high-yielding pear that is frost-resistant. The result of the work of Russian breeders. The ancestors of Hera were two varieties of pears - Daughter of the Dawn and Reale Turin. The variety was bred in 2003, it is recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region. Hera's taste is estimated at 4.3 points on a 5-point scale.

A tree with an average height (about 4 meters), dense compact crown has a pyramidal shape. The trunk and branches are straight, the leaves are medium in size, dark green in color with a shiny smooth surface. Fruits of regular shape, large, from 180-230 grams, with juicy, sweet and sour, slightly grainy pulp. Pears are green with a yellowish-pink side. The core is small. Rough dry skin of medium thickness. The fruits can be stored for 3-3.5 months after harvest. It is during the storage period that they "get" the taste and reveal their best qualities.

Main advantages and disadvantages

The variety was bred for the central regions of Russia, Siberia and the Urals. It turned out to be fast-growing (begins to bear fruit in 4 years after planting), unpretentious in care and fruitful, therefore it has become very popular among gardeners in areas with a temperate climate.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Important: Hera does not tolerate the hot southern climate and high air humidity.

The tree is able to withstand frosts below -30 ° C. This made it possible to grow a southern crop in regions with a rather harsh climate. The fruits are stored for a long time, they can be eaten fresh, they are suitable for compotes, preserves, jams, and other types of processing.

the ability to grow and bear fruit in regions with cold winters;

high productivity;

tasty, juicy, fruits of the same size;

keeping quality of the crop when stored properly.

intolerance to a hot, arid climate;

reduced yield in the absence of pollinators.

Gera is a self-fertile variety, but to preserve yields, late varieties of pears are planted nearby or winter species are planted on Gera: Artemovskaya winter, Dekabrinka, Uralochka.

How to grow a crop correctly

Pear Gera is an unpretentious variety created for growing on a personal garden plot. Hera is not used for industrial cultivation, the fruits lose their presentation during transportation.

Recommended timing

It is better to plant Hera in autumn, in September, although spring planting is also possible. Saplings are characterized by excellent survival rate. If a pear is planted in spring, this is done in May; with an autumn planting, the seedling should have time to adapt and take root in a new place before the onset of cold weather.

Site selection and soil preparation

For planting, choose sunny, dry, wind-protected areas. The pear does not tolerate waterlogged soil. Heavy soil, acidic or saline soil is not suitable for her. Acidic soils are limed before planting. The pear is not planted in the lowlands. Hera easily tolerates cold, so it can grow on a sunny hillock without suffering from the wind.

The width and depth of the landing pit is 70-80 centimeters. It is prepared 7-10 days before planting. A drainage layer of broken brick and gravel is laid on the bottom.

Selection and preparation of a seedling

1-2-year-old seedlings are selected for planting. They should be strong with no visible damage to the trunk and roots. Discard options with dry twigs or roots. Before planting, the roots of the plant are treated with a preparation against fungi and bacteria and a growth stimulant.

Landing algorithm

A mixture of sand and humus 1: 1 with the addition of superphosphate and potassium sulfate will be optimal for a pear. At the bottom of the pit, a hill is made of soil. A peg is dug in at a distance of 20-25 centimeters from the center of the pit. The seedling is placed on the top of an earthen mound and the roots are carefully straightened.

The pit is filled with the remains of the soil mixture, the soil is compacted, eliminating the voids. The seedling is tied to a peg. The planting is watered along the edge of the pit. The root collar should be above the surface of the planting pit.

A day after planting, the seedling is pruned, leaving about 50 centimeters in height. This is done to form a lush crown. The trunk circle is mulched to retain moisture.

Further care

If the tree has taken root well, the first fruits can be expected 4 years after planting. After 6 years, the tree begins to give stable high yields.

Watering

A root groove is made for watering. A young tree is watered 2 times a month. During flowering and during the formation of the ovary, watering is increased.

Fertilizer

In the spring, nitrogen fertilizer is applied, before flowering and during the formation of fruits - magnesium sulfate. Once every 2-3 years, in the middle of summer, phosphorus fertilizers are added to the soil.

Pruning

Hera's crown should not be molded, sanitary pruning is enough for her. Frozen branches are removed in the spring. When pruning in autumn, dry branches are removed.

Methods of protection against diseases and pests

In early spring, pear preventive spraying is performed. Use "Hom", "Horus" or "Speed" in strict accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. These drugs protect against scab, powdery mildew, fire blight and other diseases.

The branches affected by the infection are cut and burned. From insect pests, the tree is treated with insecticides.

Collecting and storing Hera pears

The variety is winter, the harvest is harvested after the 1st decade of September. The fruits are laid in layers in boxes, the bottom of which is covered with paper, sawdust or sand. If there are few pears, each is wrapped in paper for better storage.

The fruits in the box should lie freely, the rows of pears should be laid out with paper, they should not come into contact with each other during storage. In this form, the fruits are stored for 3-3.5 months. This variety has already won the love of gardeners with its unpretentiousness and productivity, allowed residents of the middle lane and more northern regions to feast on delicious juicy fruits.


Watch the video: What is Tree Grafting? Why Graft? What Trees can be Grafted? (August 2022).