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Geese are bred as poultry in many farms. Breeds have been bred, old and new, differing in characteristics and appearance. The main advantages of the Danish mamut geese - large size and weight - make this breed promising for breeding at home. Consider its description, advantages and disadvantages, rules of feeding, maintenance and care. How to breed and breed poultry in households.
External characteristics and productivity of mamut geese
The Danish mamut was bred by crossing a white Lands goose and a gray Toulouse goose. The name of the breed is translated as "big", which correctly characterizes its representatives. Mamut came to the territory of Russia and Ukraine in 1996, but remained not officially registered.
Mamuts are large geese, the weight of the drake is 11-13 kg, the geese is 8-10 kg. The body is large, round, the head is medium in size, the neck is long. The paws and beak (without a bump) are large, bright orange, the feather is white. Mamut geese begin to rush at 7 months. About 5 dozen eggs are laid annually. Goslings hatch on days 25-27, the survival rate of chicks is 85%.
Positive and negative sides
good survival of goslings;
low feed consumption.
they lay few eggs;
weak incubation instinct;
As you can see, the advantages of the breed outweigh its disadvantages, therefore mamut are recognized as a promising breed, which is recommended for growing in private conditions.
Maintenance and care rules
Raising mamut geese is considered economical. For summer maintenance, it is enough for them to make a corral and keep it in the fresh air. After the onset of cold weather, the birds should be placed in a spacious and warm poultry house. A layer of insulating material should be laid on the floor: straw, peat, sawdust. The litter layer should be at least 15 cm. The temperature in winter should not fall below 10 ˚С, and the humidity should not exceed 75%.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
1-2 geese should have an area of 1 sq. m. But it is impossible to keep birds in the poultry house all the time. They have to walk, therefore, next to the goose house, you need to arrange a corral in which the geese will walk. You need to release birds into it every day. They should spend about 8 hours in it. In the pen, you need to put a container for water.
In addition to temperature and humidity, you need to provide the geese with proper lighting and ventilation. Daylight hours should last at least 12 hours, both in summer and winter. Every day, the room needs to be ventilated or a ventilation system installed in the house. In order for the geese to be able to lay eggs, you need to put nests in the house - one for 2 birds.
How to feed the birds?
Geese of the Mamut breed differ in that they consume no more than 95 kg of feed until adulthood, which is considered a small volume. Adult birds can be fed with mixtures of different types of grain, finely ground, with the addition of herbs, boiled or fresh grated vegetables, root vegetables. The mash must be moist. In addition to the main components, it is necessary to replenish the mixtures with premixes, chalk and salt.
For the first 1.5 weeks, little goslings are fed with mixtures of boiled eggs, herbs, and crushed cereals. Then boiled potatoes are added to them. From 3 weeks of age, goslings can be transferred to feeding with food for an adult bird.
Grown up goslings and adult mamut geese can be fed with poultry compound feed. It is nutritious, fully satisfies the needs of the bird, and is economical. When feeding with mixtures or compound feed, geese should always have water in the drinkers.
Purebred mamut goslings are obtained only from purebred geese and ganders. Taking into account that the females of the breed do not differ in the manifestations of the incubation instinct, it is necessary to hatch the chicks in an incubator. Subject to the rules of incubation, the percentage of hatching goslings reaches 85%.
Geese of the Danish breed Mamut suffer from infectious diseases and helminthiases. The reasons most often lie in non-compliance with the conditions of detention and care.
If the bird is on a damp and dirty bed, eats from dirty feeders, lives in a cramped room, then infections spread very quickly.
If a sick bird is found, it is necessary to immediately isolate it from the rest so that the infection does not spread further. Antibiotics are used for treatment. The course of therapy is carried out until the bird is fully recovered. It is impossible to diagnose and treat on your own; the veterinarian must establish the cause and treatment regimen.
In addition to infections, mamut can be sick with non-infectious diseases - hypovitaminosis, digestive disorders, metabolic diseases. The causes of pathologies are considered to be improper feeding, unbalanced in nutrients. To eliminate the causes, you need to revise the diet, introduce new feed into it. After a while, the problem should be resolved.
Adult geese can suffer from prolapse of the oviduct, this is due to the fact that they lay large eggs. Another common problem is esophageal obstruction due to feeding with dry food. This problem can be avoided if the bird is fed with wet bourgeois women, and even in this case, there should always be clean water in the poultry house. When feeding with compound feed, this condition is mandatory.
Danish mamut geese are beneficial in breeding. They eat little, grow quickly, have a lot of weight. Geese are bred for their own consumption or they organize a small goose farm, which will provide financial profit.