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Since olden times, the Vanka Wet flower has been grown as a houseplant, and caring for it is very simple. It needs to be watered regularly and fed from time to time. New hybrids have been bred, in which large double flowers, abundant foliage, and the stem itself does not stretch upwards, but forms a spherical bush. The plant is called balsam and can be planted in a flower bed and in a flower pot.
Description and characteristics
Vanka Wet belongs to the Balsamin family, which consists of two genera - Hydrocera and Balsamin (or Impatiens). The genus Hydrocera has only one species of the same name, whose representatives live in swamps. The genus Impatiens is numerous, it includes 500 species of plants. Some of them are used in floriculture.
Plants from the Balsamic family live throughout the earth. Most Impatiens prefer the humid tropics of Africa and Indochina. In the temperate continental climate of Russia, you can find 8 varieties, among them - Forest balsam, which has long been used as a medicine.
A whole group called Waller's (Waller) balsam is cultivated as an indoor flower. These are perennials with lush, but compact, highly branched bushes, 15-40 centimeters high, with shiny, greenish or cherry-bronze leaves and scarlet, purple, snow-white, pinkish or variegated flowers.
There are flowers single or collected in inflorescences, simple or double, in shape - pink, camellia, clove. Touch-me-not looks like a lush bouquet with flowers growing at the top. It blooms for a long time, from April to December. After pollination in the fall, seeds ripen in a small, but very sensitive to touch, capsule.
In addition to indoor balsam, garden balsam is grown, which is called - Impatient Balsamic.
Sadovy is an annual culture with a pyramidal or highly branched, almost spherical, stem, 40-70 centimeters high. Blooms profusely throughout the summer (May to October). The stems are juicy, as if saturated with moisture, translucent. Leaves are petiolate, small, lanceolate, pointed upwards, arranged in the next order. Flowers - large, irregular, can have all sorts of colors - from pale pink to deep burgundy.
In Russia, the balsam was nicknamed Vanka Wet for a reason. The plant loves water. It does not tolerate drought at all. In case of a lack of moisture, it instantly withers, the leaves wrinkle, the flowers droop.
Balsam is also called Wet for the reason that a sugary liquid appears at the edges of the leaves of the plant. This protective property of balsam protects flowers from attacks by ants and aphids. The pollen and flower nectar remain for the bees, which also pollinate the flowers.
Monastic Sugar is another name that the plant got thanks to sweet dew drops. Impatiens often release a sugary liquid after abundant watering. Bright red flowers resemble lights. The people called the balsam the Fire. In European countries, the plant is called Diligent (Diligent) Lisa, as it blooms tirelessly from April to November.
The touchy balsam was named for the method of spreading seeds. When a ripe fruit is touched, it opens with a bang, the shutters quickly twist into spirals, and the seeds fly up to 2 meters. Vanka Wet has very brittle shoots. This is one of the plant propagation methods. Broken off cuttings can be put into water, and later planted.
There are over 500 types of balsams. Plants vary in height, color and flower shape. Indoor and garden balsams are divided into 3 groups.
This group includes traditional varieties of Waller's balsam. They are grown in pots, greenhouses or garden beds. This species is represented by various varieties and interesting hybrids. Flowers are simple or double, snow-white, pinkish, purple, reddish.
This group includes heterotic hybrids (F1). They appeared as a result of breeding work with the Impatient Waller. Hybrid varieties are represented by perennial compact bushes that bloom profusely for almost a whole year.
This group includes balsams from New Guinea. New Guinea hybrids were obtained from crossing of balsam Hawker, linear-leaved, Schleiger. These plants can be found in the forests of New Guinea. New Guinea hybrids have fleshy leaves, a strong stem, large flowers, a more compact appearance. They are mainly used in indoor floriculture.
Balsams can have different stem heights. Low-growing hybrids are usually planted in indoor pots, and with the help of tall plants they usually decorate city flower beds and garden plots.
This group includes balsams up to 26 centimeters high. Small dwarf bushes of perennial plants are grown in indoor pots. They differ in color and flower shape. These include the various varieties of Balzamin Waller. Low-growing annuals are often planted in garden plots and city flower beds.
Plants are medium in height, reaching from 26 to 41 centimeters in height. These are compact branched bushes with green leaves and flowers of various colors and shapes. This group includes garden balsam, New Guinea hybrids.
Impatiens, whose height is 75 centimeters and above, belong to the tall group. Most often, these plants are planted as a hedge or border flower. The plant has a pyramidal or spherical shape. The stems are juicy, fleshy, the leaves are lanceolate, growing in the next order. The plant is abundantly decorated with large flowers of various shades of red.
The main advantage of balsams is flowers. There can be up to 50 of them on one plant. According to the doubleness, the flowers are divided into camellia, pink and clove.
Large double flowers look like a camellia. There are pale pink, reddish, white, lilac shades.
The flowers are reminiscent of the Dutch double carnation. The petals have fringed or scalloped edges. They can be pale pink, reddish, lilac or variegated.
Densely double flowers resemble tiny roses. The petals are wrapped in a spiral. Flowers can be monochromatic or bicolor.
Popular varieties of balsam
Many varieties of Nedotrog are bred on the basis of Waller's balsam, garden or New Guinea. They differ in color, size and shape of flowers, as well as the height of the bush.
Garden Tom Tamb
This short balsam bush (25 centimeters) is planted in city flower beds and garden plots. The plant has oblong lanceolate leaves, terry flowers of various shades (pink, scarlet, purple, snow-white). Tom Tamb is a one-year-old blooming all summer long.
Tall and vigorously branching plant. It can stretch up to 61 centimeters in height. The Camellia variety blooms for a long time and abundantly. Flowers - double, pale pink or purple. An annual used for flower bed decoration.
The touch-me-not Waller is a popular indoor and garden culture. Height - 26-40 centimeters. The bush has a spherical shape, juicy, highly branching stems. Flowers can be simple and double, of various colors. Impatiens blooms for almost 90 days. The variety is often used to breed new hybrids.
A small plant often used to decorate balconies. The height of Impatiens is only 20 centimeters. Leaves are lanceolate, serrate. Flowers can be purple, pink, bright red.
A beautiful, compact plant obtained on the basis of New Guinea balsam. Forms a lush bush, strewn with large round flowers on top. This thermophilic plant is usually grown in indoor pots.
Long blooming Impatiens, bred on the basis of New Guinea balsam. This plant has bright, exotic-looking flowers blooming against the backdrop of shiny greenish or bronze leaves.
A series related to New Guinea hybrids. Balsam has small dark green leaves and numerous small flowers that cover the bush almost all year round.
Balsam from the group of New Guinea hybrids. Impatiens have bright, luminescent, orange flowers and bronze-green leaves.
Tall plant. The variety is bred on the basis of garden balsam. It has a high pyramidal stem, oblong leaves, pink or lilac flowers.
Erect pyramidal plant, 40-45 centimeters high. Flowers - camellia-like, large, double, can be scarlet, pink, monochromatic or white speckled. The annual blooms in gardens from June to September.
Low-growing garden plant. One-year-old, reaching 25 centimeters in height. Blooms for a long time with large pink-like flowers.
Dwarf garden variety. One-year-old blooming all summer long. Flowers - terry, can have snow-white, pink, scarlet, lilac color.
Garden culture, 26-40 centimeters high. Abundantly covered with flowers from June to September. The color of the petals is bright red.
Indoor culture with a height of 31-61 centimeters. Leaves are green, with serrated edges. The flowers are similar in shape to an orchid, are located one by one on a long stem, have a spur, are white, reddish, pale pink. In an apartment, Impatiens can bloom throughout the year, flowers replace each other, each bloom for about 2 weeks.
It is more often grown as an indoor perennial. The plant is tall but compact. It grows up to 30-45 centimeters in height. It is characterized by abundant and long flowering. Requires long daylight hours and high temperatures. It has large double flowers, mostly pinkish and scarlet.
Indoor culture with dark green shiny leaves and large double flowers. Touch-me-not blooms almost all year round. Flower petals can be pink, scarlet, snow-white, solid or variegated.
Growing from seeds at home
You can grow a touchy seed yourself. It is recommended to buy seeds of hybrid plants in specialized stores. These plants are grown in small containers or single containers (plastic cups). For the garden, seeds of annuals are purchased, and for indoor cultivation - perennials.
The seeds are preliminarily placed for swelling in warm water for a day. In March, they are sown in containers filled with substrate. The soil should be loosened, without lumps, well moistened. The seeds are sown, and lightly sprinkled with sand on top and irrigated with water. The container is covered with glass or foil.
Seeds germinate after 1-2 weeks. Seedlings need to be provided with ten hour daylight hours. It is advisable to put containers with growing seedlings on the windowsill, and in the dark - to illuminate with lamps.
For Vanka Wet, a neutral and light soil mixture is suitable. Planting substrate can be bought ready-made or made by yourself. The land for sowing seeds should consist of garden or leaf land, sand and peat. Seedlings of Impatiens do not like organics. The substrate is pre-disinfected with boiling water or a solution of potassium permanganate. A little perlite is added to the ground, a drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the box.
Developing seedlings need to be irrigated regularly with water. When 2-3 true leaves appear on the seedling, you need to dive. The plants are transplanted individually into peat or plastic cups and the roots are pinched.
At the very beginning, the plants are irrigated with Fitosporin solution, for the prevention of possible diseases. After transplanting into separate containers, the seedlings are fed with a complex fertilizer for indoor flowers (begonias, geraniums, violets) or with Fertika-Lux, Kemira-Lux.
Seedlings should be kept in a warm room. The optimum temperature for development is 20 degrees Celsius. Balsam does not tolerate a temperature drop of up to 10 degrees. Before transferring the seedlings to the flower bed, they need to be hardened. For example, regularly ventilate the room where the plant is located. You can take out pots with seedlings in May daily outside for several hours.
Conditions for growing a flower in the garden
Balsam is a thermophilic culture. Seeds, seedlings or ready-made purchased plants are planted outside at the end of May. Most often, gardeners grow balsam in a seedling way. Seedlings grown in room conditions are transplanted to a flower bed at the end of May, when the threat of night frosts has passed, and the air warms up to 20 degrees Celsius. At a temperature of 5-10 degrees above zero, the plant may die.
First you need to prepare the soil for the flower bed. Balsam grows on neutral, fertile, loose, light soil. The soil must pass water well. On clay, acidic and heavy soil, balsam will quickly wither. For Vanka Wet, soil is suitable, consisting of garden, leaf, turf soil, mixed with peat, sand and humus in equal amounts.
A flower bed must be constantly looked after. Remove grown weeds, loosen the soil, break up the soil crust. You can mulch the ground with sawdust. Weeds will not be able to break through from under the layer of mulch.
Impossible to feed once every 2 weeks. At the very beginning of development, nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the soil. During the flowering period, the soil is fed with potassium and phosphorus additives. For balsam, complex fertilizers for flowering plants or feeding for geraniums are suitable. For 1 square meter of land, you need to dilute 30 grams of fertilizer in 10 liters of water.
Roly Wet needs to be watered regularly. Do not allow the soil to dry out. With insufficient watering, the balsam withers quickly. However, it is also not recommended to flood a flower bed. In highly moist soil, the plant will begin to rot.
It is advisable to spray the leaves of Impatiens with cold water. Thus, you can protect the bushes from spider mites and aphids.
Vanka Wet prefers open, sunny places. It is desirable that the plant is in partial shade in the midday heat. Balsam blooms beautifully under trees with a sparse crown or on the northwest (northeast) side of the house. Balsam has very fragile stems that break in a strong gust of wind. It is better to plant the plant in places protected from drafts and wind.
Features of indoor growing in a pot
Balsam feels great on the windowsill. True, in the summer, in the heat, the plant needs to be covered from the scorching sun's rays. In the autumn-winter period of Impatient it is necessary to provide additional lighting, because this perennial has almost no rest period.
In summer, the temperature of the content can be 20-25 degrees, in winter - 15-18 degrees of heat. The balsam pot is first chosen close, with a drainage hole at the bottom. Roly Wet will bloom after the roots completely fill the space inside the pot. As the root system grows, the Touch is transplanted into a more spacious container.
Soil and watering
For indoor Impatiens, light, slightly acidic or neutral soil is suitable. The composition of the soil should include garden or leaf (sod) soil, sand, peat, perlite. Drainage from expanded clay or stones is laid at the bottom of the pot.
The plant is watered regularly, the leaves are watered every other day. In summer, it is advisable to take pots with flowers to the balcony.
If Vanka Wet becomes too hot, he may wither or discard flowers and buds. In summer, the plants are irrigated in the evening; in the sun, the leaves can become covered with burn marks due to the remaining droplets of water. Once a month, together with water, complex fertilizers for flowering plants are applied to the ground.
Diseases and pests
Vanka Wet can get sick if he is not properly looked after, rarely watered, or, conversely, the ground is heavily flooded with water. The plant weakens immunity with a lack of nutrients in the soil. Balsam, with improper care, affects a fungal infection. It is in the soil, and then through the roots and stems it passes to the leaves and flowers. The leaves are covered with yellow, brownish, grayish spots, turn yellow and dry out.
Spraying with Fitosporin saves from fungal infection.
The most dangerous pest of indoor balsam is the spider mite. This tiny soft-bodied red insect winds a cobweb on the leaves of a plant and feeds on its juice. Spraying with cold water and an insecticide solution (Akarin, Agravertin, Kleschevit) is saved from the tick. The leaves affected by the tick, yellowed or covered with yellowish spots, must be removed.
Popular species and varieties
Most varieties are obtained on the basis of garden balsam, Waller or Hawker, which became the progenitor of the famous New Guinea hybrids. Plants differ in stem shape, height, structure and color of flowers.
Hawker's Impatiens hawkeri
The plant that gave birth to New Guinea hybrids. Leaves - oblong, pointed at the end, shiny. The flowers are large, simple, with a spur, of various shades, with a white core. The height of the balsam is 25-60 centimeters. Stems are erect, long, fleshy.
Large-flowered Impatiens hookeriana or Impatiens grandis
The plant is native to Sri Lanka. It has long, fleshy stems. Leaves - shiny, as if covered with wax, green. Flowers - large, like an orchid, white, pinkish, scarlet.
Creeping Impatiens repine
The plant is used in hanging pots, it has creeping, upward, very fragile reddish shoots that break off easily during strong winds. Leaves are small, shiny, bronze-green. The flowers are bright, yellow, large, with a spur.
Impatiens walleriana or Impatiens Waller
A perennial plant often grown as a garden annual. Waller's balsam is a low, strongly branched spherical bush. Flowers can be simple or double, of various colors, located at the top of lush green foliage.
An annual, herbaceous, poisonous plant. It grows one meter in height. Stem - erect, covered with leaves, can branch. The flowers are like a shoe. They can be pale pink or lilac.
Planting and care in the open field
Balsam can be planted in front of the windows of your house or in a city flower bed. Seeds for seedlings are preliminarily sown in March. The grown seedlings are transferred to the street at the end of May or at the very beginning of June. Before transplanting, the seedlings are accustomed to outdoor conditions.
The optimum temperature for planting outdoors is 18-20 degrees Celsius.
Roly Wet in the garden is grown as an annual plant. Loves non-acidic, light, well-drained soil. It is better to plant balsam in a bright and well protected place from the wind. Before planting, the soil must be fertilized with humus, add a little sand or peat, loosen and moisten well. Seedlings are planted in shallow pits, on the bottom of which a little sand is poured. The distance to the neighboring plant should be equal to 30 centimeters.
Watering and feeding
Balsam will bloom profusely if watered regularly. It is undesirable to fill the soil with water. In swampy ground, Impatiens will begin to rot. Adult plants are watered and irrigated with water every other day. However, in rainy weather, watering is stopped.
During watering, young plants are additionally fed with nitrogen substances. During the flowering period, the land is fertilized with potassium and phosphorus. You can use complex commercial fertilizers for flowering plants. The touchy is fed once a month.
Impatiens are propagated by seeds or cuttings. Seeds are sown for seedlings in March. At the end of May, the seedlings are transferred to the street. Cuttings from growing balsams can be rooted all summer.
Roly Wet can be propagated by seeds. Usually, seeds are sown no earlier than March, when daylight hours become longer. Prepare the substrate before sowing. The soil mixture can be purchased or prepared independently from garden, leafy soil, with the addition of sand, peat. Seeds are sown on moist soil and covered with foil. Shoots appear after 1-2 weeks.
The optimum temperature for germination is 20-25 degrees Celsius.
Balsam can be propagated by cuttings, that is, cuttings in spring, summer and even autumn. The broken off upper branches must be put into water, and after a week they will sprout. Rooting can be done in wet sand or vermiculite. Then the cuttings with roots are transplanted into the peat-garden soil.
How to get the seeds right
Balsam blooms all summer, and in autumn juicy fruits appear in the form of a box with seeds. Harvesting seeds is not easy. After all, the boxes explode from a light touch, and the seeds scatter to the sides. You can cover the boxes with a bag or bag and carefully collect the seeds in it.
It is practiced to collect fruits that are not yet fully ripe, which ripen in a dry room for several weeks. In the fall, after the fruits ripen, the annual plant is removed from the flower bed, and the next year new seeds are sown. The seed remains germinating for 3-5 years.
Balsam is a thermophilic plant with a long growing season. When the temperature drops to 5 degrees Celsius, it may die. To get a flowering bush in June, in March you need to sow seeds for seedlings.
Before sowing seeds, you need to prepare the soil. You can buy a ready-made soil mixture based on peat. You can prepare the substrate yourself. To do this, you need to take in equal proportions garden, turf or leafy soil, peat, sand. It is advisable to disinfect the substrate with boiling water, a solution of potassium permanganate or Fitosporin.
Balsam seeds are sown in boxes filled with substrate, at a distance of 1 centimeter from each other. Previously, the earth is loosened and moistened. From above, the seeds are lightly sprinkled with sand and sprinkled with water. When the seedlings germinate, they will need to be dived and planted in separate containers.
Film or glass
Seeds sown in the ground are irrigated with water and covered with transparent glass or foil. Every day the glass is raised, the ground is lightly irrigated with water. When shoots appear, the film is removed.
Landing and aftercare
At the end of May, the grown seedlings are transferred to the street. Plants are carefully planted together with an earthen lump in the dug holes. In summer, Touchy must be regularly watered, weeds removed from the flower bed and fed with complex fertilizers once a month.
Vanka Wet is a non-capricious plant. It does not require any special care, only a minimum of attention. The main thing is to ensure Impatient regular watering and timely fertilization.
You need to water the Touchy one regularly, make sure that the earth does not dry out. Balsam instantly reacts to a lack of moisture - its leaves curl, flowers droop. With insufficient watering, the plant can shed flowers and buds.
It is advisable to irrigate balsam every other day with cold water. This procedure will save the plant from the spider mite and saturate the touchy with moisture.
Pinching and trimming
It is necessary not only to look after balsam, but also to pinch it correctly. When the plant grows a little, it is advisable to shorten its top. The balsam will no longer stretch upward, but will begin to form side shoots. The plant will take the shape of a spherical, compact bush. True, for this you need to constantly cut off the stems that are too elongated.
For abundant flowering, Impatient needs to be fed 1-2 times a month with complex fertilizers for flowering plants.
It should be remembered that with an excess of nitrogen supplements, the plant will receive lush greenery, and flowering may not come.
Usually Impatient, sown on seedlings, is hardened before being transplanted into the street. The room where the seedlings grow is regularly ventilated. In May, in warm weather, boxes with seedlings are taken out into the sunlight for several hours.
In the fall, the yellowed and fading garden balsam is cut off, the roots are dug up and removed from the flower bed. Save the bush in winter will not work. With the onset of frost, he will quickly die. The next season, a new plant is sown.
Balsam should be pruned in the spring or early summer so that the plant takes the form of a compact, low bush. Usually at the stem, 30-40 centimeters long, pinch the top. Balsamin begins to actively form lateral shoots.
Diseases and pests
In rainy and cool weather, balsam growing in a flower bed can get sick. The plant is often affected by fungal infections, due to which its roots rot, the stems darken, the leaves become covered with brown and gray spots, and subsequently wither. Preventive spraying with fungicides (Fundazol) saves from fungi.
The touchy is often attacked by insects, for example, aphids, whiteflies, thrips, ticks. Most often, balsam suffers from spider mites. It is a small reddish insect that weaves webs and sucks sap from leaves.
Spraying with cold water, soapy water or insecticide treatment (Spark) is saved from the tick.
Impatient is affected not only by fungi, but also by viruses. The diseased leaves become covered with yellow spots, and then dry up and wither. Protecting balsam from the viral mosaic is not easy. The best preventive measure is proper care and adequate mineral supplementation.
Bronze of leaves
With improper care of balsam, lack of potassium, after strong liming of acidic soils, the leaves can become covered with small dots of dead tissue, acquire a bronze color, become wrinkled, twist downward.
The bronzing of the leaves can be caused by a virus. As a preventive measure, the soil is disinfected with potassium permanganate before planting balsam, and a sufficient amount of potassium and phosphorus is added.
Light round spots appear on the affected leaves of the plant. The disease is caused by a virus. Its vital activity can lead to the death of the plant. Correct care, timely application of top dressing, removal of weeds, spraying of soil and plants with a weak solution of potassium permanganate saves from the virus.
Vanka Wet is an irreplaceable plant often used in flower arrangements. Balsam goes well with begonia, boxwood, violets, bells. Hard to get used to decorate city flower beds, alpine slides, create mixboxers.
Balsam is planted in pots, hanging pots, loggias and balconies are decorated with flowers.
Irina Anatolyevna, 49 years old
“I took the cuttings of Vanka Mokroi from friends and put them in the water. A week later, the roots appeared. The cuttings quickly took root in a pot with ordinary garden soil. Now it is a short bush with bright red flowers. For the summer I put the pot with Vanka Wet on the street. "