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Ficus has long been and, apparently, for a long time settled in residential premises and offices. In our country, this houseplant has gained a second wave of popularity and has become an integral part of interior design.
Ficus Microcarpus, from Latin Ficus Microcarpa, It is an evergreen tree, whose homeland is tropical and subtropical forests in Southeast Asia. Also, this ficus is quite widespread in southern China and northern Australia.
The name of this ficus in translation means "small fruit." A characteristic feature of the plant is the presence of a bare root system, which is able to form bizarre and unusual shapes. This allows you to create an original and very attractive bonsai from the ficus of Microcarp.
The leaves of this plant have an oval, elongated and slightly pointed shape. Under natural conditions of growth, this type of ficus can reach a height of 25 meters. Instances for indoor floriculture exceed one and a half meters in height.
In indoor floriculture, in addition to plants that have rich green foliage, the variegated forms of the ficus of Microcarp are especially popular, or Variegata. This kind of ficus requires brighter lighting than the maternal type of plant. Failure to do so has a negative effect on the variegation of leaf color.
Ficus Ginseng (Ficus ginseng, or Ficus Ginseng) is a plant with a fancifully swollen root system that resembles ginseng roots. Such roots are formed as a result of exposure to special hormonal agents and fertilizers used at the stage of seed propagation. It is impossible to obtain such a form of the root system through the propagation of ficuses.
Caring for ficus ginseng is similar to caring for ordinary types of ficus, the only difference is the implementation of more frequent and deeper pruning. The main focus is on the root system, as well as the nutrition of the houseplant. Nutrient deficiencies contribute to the intake of food from the root system to the shoots, which causes depletion and wrinkling of the roots.
Ficus Microcarp: Planting and Care
The plant is quite demanding to care. However, all events are not difficult even for beginners to grow ficus florists.
Location selection and lighting
Ficus Microcarpus does not need constant and plentiful lighting. If you have to choose too dark a place for cultivation, you should use phytolamps that will create effective highlighting. In addition, the lighting should be proportional to the temperature regime. At higher temperatures, the degree of illumination of the plant should be increased.
With regard to irrigation measures, the ficus of Microcarpus is characterized by unpretentiousness. Watering should be moderate. Significant overdrying of the soil in the flower pot should not be allowed. For irrigation, and, if necessary, and spraying of foliage, use settled water at room temperature. Too plentiful and frequent watering of the Microcarp can cause damage to the plant by root rot and the appearance of dark spots on the foliage.
Ficus Mikrokarp needs additional fertilizing at the stage of active vegetation, which falls on the period from the beginning of spring to the first decade of autumn. Fertilizers are required to be applied twice a month. The procedure is carried out after the completion of irrigation measures. It is recommended to use universal drugs for this purpose. In the cold season, it is allowed to halve fertilizer application.
Trimming for Ficus Microcarpus is very important. The main condition is its timely and correct implementation.
Rules and Options
In order to form the most beautiful and spectacular crown of ficus, it is recommended to carry out regular trimming. The best time to hold such an event can be considered the spring or autumn period, when the plant has not yet passed into the vegetation phase or has already completed active development and is preparing for the dormant phase.
Microcarp's standard ficus pruning should be done as crown formation is necessary. and the removal of not only extra branches, but also overgrown foliage. It is recommended to form the plant through simple pruning, preventing the branches of the ficus from growing in length. In this case, new shoots begin to grow from the very base.
The formation of the ficus of Microcarp in the form of an elegant and very stylish bonsai is a fascinating, but rather lengthy process. Initially, the ficus of Microcarp is planted with seeds. Next, a houseplant is transplanted several times to obtain a large ficus with a massive root system. Then he digs out, and the stem of the plant is cut.
The remaining root is planted in the container so that a significant part of the root system is located on the surface. Over time, the exposed part of the root system of the plant acquires a dark color and becomes covered with bark. In the upper part of the plant, crown formation occurs. Pruning is performed to remove excess branches and overgrown foliage.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about how to care for a bonsai.
The plant is quite hardy, and good care protects the ficus from diseases and pests. Nevertheless, sometimes some problems characteristic of any species of ficus may be observed.
With insufficient humidity in the room where the ficus of Microcarp is grown, the grower may encounter such a pest insect as a spider mite. These parasites use the juice of an indoor plant for nutrition and quickly weaken and weaken the plant, which causes excessive leaf fall.
The natural loss of foliage on the lower tiers of the branches is insignificant and associated with natural processes. A massive discharge of foliage is very often observed when placing the plant in a draft, as well as when the temperature drops, cold watering, insufficient lighting and overdrying the soil in a flower pot.
If you carry out too frequent or abundant watering of the ficus of Microcarp, then the plant may be affected by root rot, which is accompanied by the appearance of characteristic dark spots on the foliage. In addition, ficus can be affected by pests such as whiteflies, aphids, mealybugs, thrips and scale insects. To maintain the immunity of the plant, it is necessary to spray twice a month with the addition of Epina.
Ficus Microcarp: Root Rot
Florists should take into account the fact that the ficus of Microcarpus needs soft landing soil. It is recommended that the soil be loosened at least once every two weeks. In addition, ficus can not be placed in the immediate vicinity of radiators or drafts. The plant should have a permanent place from the first days, due to poor adaptability to changing growing conditions.