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Weed control in summer cottages is carried out constantly, with the exception of the winter period. One of the most common methods of control is the use of a weed killer with the addition of vinegar. The substance can be used in combination with various components to enhance the effect on unwanted vegetation.
Why is vinegar effective in controlling weeds?
By treating the beds with vinegar solution, it is possible to remove weeds due to a special effect. In terms of composition and principle of action, the effect of vinegar is comparable to that of herbicides and is as follows:
- destruction of membranes on plant cells, which leads to drying out and death of weeds;
- blocking of photosynthesis, provoking growth inhibition;
- slowing down of metabolic processes and depletion of vegetation at the cellular level;
- penetration to the roots for a complex effect.
A folk remedy based on vinegar essence is allowed to be used with any kind of weed. This simplifies the work of the garden beds and increases efficiency.
Advantages and disadvantages
Acetic solutions designed to combat weeds have a number of positive characteristics. The main benefits include the following:
- Vinegar is an environmentally friendly substance and, if used correctly, does not have a negative effect on the crops grown.
- The substance decomposes easily and does not stay in the soil for a long period, which increases the safety of its use.
- The variability of recipes for the preparation of a solution for spraying and watering weeds.
The main disadvantage that gardeners face when processing beds is the strong effect of vinegar on vegetables and other crops. Inaccurate watering with a solution often leads to a deterioration in plant growth..
There are many ways to prepare a solution to combat unwanted vegetation. Depending on the selected additional components, the nuances of the impact on green spaces depend.
Acetic acid in various concentrations
The composition of acetic acid contains components, due to which the cells are burned out when watering weeds. Before using the substance, it is worth examining the beds in order to assess the scale of the spread of the grass and its dimensions. Highly concentrated acetic acid should be used to control large areas of vegetation.
Otherwise, the destruction of plantings will be ineffective.
The combination of salt and vinegar enhances the effect on weeds. The substances have a powerful effect and, in combination, allow you to quickly destroy the thickets of grass. It is important to take into account that any vegetation will not sprout on the treated areas for several years, so it is better to use the product for watering areas near the fence or garden paths.
Dilute the watering agent in a ratio of 5 tablespoons of vinegar to 2 tablespoons of salt. Substances are poured into 1 liter of water, bring the liquid to a boil, stir thoroughly and, without allowing it to cool, poured onto weeds. The highly effective solution has a fast destructive effect and destroys large thickets.
With added soap
A mixture of vinegar essence, salt and soap also helps fight unwanted grass in the garden. This mixture is called herbicidal soap. To prepare the substance, you will need 1 liter of vinegar, 150 g of rock salt and 2 tablespoons of liquid soap. Salt is poured into a container, vinegar and soap are poured, after which the components are shaken until a homogeneous consistency is obtained.
To get rid of the thickets found in the summer cottage, you need to treat them with a mixture, preventing them from getting into neighboring plantings. You also need to monitor so that the liquid does not spread over the surface of the beds.
The best effect will be achieved when processing an annual weeds with prepared soapy water.
Combination of acetic and citric acids
Professional gardeners prefer to use a mixture of citric and acetic acids for weed control. It is important to maintain the correct proportions to create the working solution. A suitable ratio is 3 parts acetic acid to 1 part citric acid. In this case, the concentration of vinegar essence should be 15% or higher, since otherwise the efficiency of the treatment of the beds will deteriorate.
While preparing the solution, the acids are placed in one container and wait for the dissolution of all the crystals formed. Then it remains to pour the liquid into the sprayer and process the thickets in the beds.
One way to create a weeds remover is to add regular dish detergent to the vinegar essence. The recipe for the solution is to use 1 liter of vinegar and 10 ml of general remedy. The components are thoroughly mixed and the resulting mixture is poured into a spray bottle for subsequent spraying of the plantings. To facilitate the removal of unwanted vegetation, a highly concentrated essence can be used.
How to kill weeds with vinegar
Using prepared solutions containing vinegar and additional substances to eliminate weeds, it must be borne in mind that they negatively affect the growth of any plants. For this reason, in the immediate vicinity of garden and horticultural crops, the grass is sprayed from a spray bottle, covering other plants with a protective film. In places of strong accumulation of weeds, it is recommended to resort not to spraying, but to the method of spilling soil and plantings. This technique will help remove all unwanted weeds for a long time. During processing, it is important to comply with the following requirements:
- The term for spraying or watering falls on the end of May - beginning of June, when the weed did not begin to bloom.
- Work is recommended in hot and dry weather, as this increases the effect of the working solution on green spaces.
Precautions for handling mixtures
Even a weakly concentrated vinegar solution is a reactive substance. The stronger the concentration of the substance, the more powerful effect it has on the skin and mucous membranes. To avoid negative consequences, you need to take precautions. Including:
- work in the garden is carried out in protective gloves, and a bandage or respirator is put on the face;
- the ingredients of the working solution are mixed carefully, avoiding splashing and contact with the skin surface;
- in case of contact with the working solution, rinse the affected areas.
If you adhere to the listed safety measures, the use of the solution will not be dangerous compared to ready-made herbicides that are produced by chemical enterprises. At the same time, the efficiency of treating weeds with vinegar solutions is significantly higher.