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Description of grape varieties Amethyst Novocherkassky, planting and cultivation

Description of grape varieties Amethyst Novocherkassky, planting and cultivation



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The grape Amethyst Novocherkassky is spoken of as an original variety that becomes more popular every year. The hybrid was bred by breeders of the Rostov region, successfully tested and entered the State Register. The grapes of this variety are distinguished by high-quality taste characteristics and developmental features that must be taken into account when leaving.

History of creation

The grape variety Amethyst Novocherkassky appeared in 2009. Experts from the Novocherkassk Research Institute have created a hybrid by successfully crossing two varieties: Delight and Delight Red.

The challenge for the breeders was to create a variety that could tolerate climate errors and produce a stable harvest. Today the created variety is successfully grown in the territory of Ukraine, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan.

Description and characteristics of grapes Amethyst

The variety belongs to the group of red-colored varieties. The tasting score is 8.1 points. The fruits contain from 16 to 23 percent sugar, the acid is rated as medium.

The bushes are prone to intensive growth, therefore, special rationing must be provided for the variety. One bunch, which develops according to the standard scenario, weighs from 600 to 900 grams. The fruits have a regular cylindrical shape, the color is uniform and rich in purple hue.

Advantages and disadvantages

The variety is designed for growing in the absence of temperature extremes. The variety has advantages and disadvantages.

Bountiful harvest

Good tasting marks

Fruits are not prone to cracking, shedding, rotting

Increased frost resistance

The need to normalize inflorescences due to the ability to form an excessive number of brushes

Lack of resistance to powdery mildew

Separately, experts emphasize such a feature as resistance to parasites. There are almost no wasps on the lash that can harm the crop. This is due to the fact that the variety is not prone to cracking, sap leakage, and attraction of insects.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Reference! The advantage of the variety is called frost resistance. Lowering the air temperature to 0 degrees during cultivation does not affect the tasting assessment of the fruit.

Features of growing varieties

Amethyst Novocherkassky is grown subject to the basic rules. Taking into account the needs of the variety, you can confidently count on a stable and plentiful harvest.

When is the best time to plant

The best option is to plant seedlings in the spring. Experts recommend choosing a period when the danger of recurrent frosts has passed, the soil will be warmed up to + 5-10 degrees.

Choosing a landing site

Traditionally, grapes are grown along the hedges and walls of buildings. For Amethyst, it is recommended to select zones from the south or southwest side. The place must be protected from the through wind.

How to plant

Grape plantings are placed on black soil or loam. The soil must meet all the requirements. When planting, the depth of a hole dug for a seedling can be 15-20 centimeters. The depth of the groundwater should be calculated. It should not be more than 2.5 meters.

Further care of the culture

After the seedlings take root, it is necessary to build a care scheme. The vine requires regular watering as well as proper placement.

Watering and fertilizing

Grape plantings are watered according to a strictly established scheme. It includes 3 approaches:

  • spill before bud break;
  • strait before flowering;
  • moistening until the beginning of the first fruiting.

Winegrowers recommend feeding seasonally:

  • in the spring using ammonium nitrate;
  • in the summer with the addition of potassium and phosphorus;
  • in the fall using a superphosphate solution.

Tying shoots

Shoots begin to tie up with the beginning of bud break, when there is still no first foliage. The shoots are carefully wrapped with an elastic cord or twine. The second tying is carried out when the shoots reach a height of 25-35 centimeters.

Reference! You cannot use fishing line or wire for a tie. These materials can injure the bark.

Pruning

After harvesting, in the fall, special pruning is done. They remove faded and fertile brushes, last year's shoots, as well as material that is characterized as unviable.

Wintering

An important stage of care is the preparation of shoots for wintering. The vine must be additionally covered where the air temperature drops below -15 degrees in winter.

Protection against diseases and pests

Despite the fact that the Amethyst variety is known for its resistance to diseases, preventive treatments are carried out to increase the protective qualities. Young seedlings are sprayed at the stage when the buds are just beginning to bloom. If the bush is affected by a dangerous powdery mildew, then Topaz and Tiovit are used for treatment. They are introduced when watering, and also sprayed the vine by the foliar method.

Reference! Means "Zolon" and "Talstar" are used when attacking plantings of leaf rollers.

Harvesting and storage of crops

The variety belongs to the early ripening category. Fruits begin to ripen 100-110 days after the first buds appear. Ripeness is evidenced by a change in the color of the berry. It turns dark crimson.

When cleaning and storing, follow the basic rules:

  • the collection is carried out during the day, in dry weather;
  • after harvesting, all the berries are examined, the spoiled fruits are removed;
  • fruits that need ripening are selected separately from the rest.

The grapes are stored in low wooden boxes or the bunches are hung from the racks. One of the storage methods is to dip a portion of the vine into water. This method is suitable for those who want to preserve large quantities of berries for a long period of time without further processing.

Amethyst Novocherkassky is well transported due to the presence of thick skin, which is not prone to cracking. The fruits of the variety are stored without loss of quality for 30-40 days.


Watch the video: Introduction to the Noble Grapes (August 2022).