The best and most productive varieties of tomatoes for Belarus in a greenhouse and open field

The best and most productive varieties of tomatoes for Belarus in a greenhouse and open field

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When choosing varieties of tomatoes for Belarus, first of all, you need to pay attention to plants that are zoned to local conditions. A number of institutes and agricultural enterprises of Belarus are engaged in their breeding, which have achieved excellent results. Seed companies in Holland produce tomatoes that are maximally adapted to the conditions of the region. They offer varieties of tomatoes for Belarus, among which there are many high-yielding hybrids for greenhouses. Also, for the moderately warm Belarusian summer, varieties of Siberian selection are suitable, which can easily endure weather stresses in unprotected soil conditions. The choice is extensive, for any, even very demanding taste.

Four agroclimatic zones of Belarus differ in the duration of frost-free periods and the amount of precipitation. These features are familiar to home owners. Everyone tries to choose the best varieties of vegetables, taking into account their capabilities, crop rotation, sown area, the presence of a greenhouse, a greenhouse.

Many conditions influence the choice. But the main ones are the ripening times of tomatoes, their degree of adaptability to weather conditions, and productivity. Everyone decides for himself which varieties to choose. For many, the main argument is the exotic color, shape or size of tomatoes. It is more convenient to divide tomatoes into two groups, for open and protected ground.

Open field tomatoes

Tomatoes with short to medium ripening periods are grown outdoors, trying to finish harvesting before the cold weather. Usually these are plants with a low or medium bush height, independently limiting themselves in growth. These include dwarf tomatoes, with a low bush of 35-50 cm. Low-growing tomatoes often have a standard type of bush that can withstand loads well and does not require a stem tie to a support. Medium-sized varieties of tomatoes for open ground can reach a height of 1.5 meters and are usually attached to a trellis or tied to stakes.

Growing tomatoes in the open field requires plants to be resistant to pests, viral and fungal diseases. Similar qualities are always present in zoned Belarusian tomatoes with genetic resistance to local pathogens.

Also important for plants grown in open ground in Belarus, the ability to endure short-term cold snaps, stress associated with drying out of the soil, its high acidity.

Often, tomato cultivation in the open field is carried out under light film shelters due to the risks associated with low summer temperatures, frequent rains and cold dew. The exception is the varieties of tomatoes for open ground of the Belarusian and Siberian selection. Some ultra-early maturing species can be grown by direct sowing of seeds into the ground. But in most cases, tomatoes for open ground are grown in seedlings. Depending on the date of return frosts and the growing season of the plant, the date of sowing seeds for growing seedlings is selected.

Early varieties of tomatoes for open ground

Such tomatoes are distinguished by excellent resistance to climatic stresses, are very unpretentious, they are planted in the ground with the end of the spring frost.

  1. Variety "Excellent 176" has been tested by several decades of cultivation. This is a zoned tomato. The bush reaches a height of 50-70 cm with fruits weighing 90-100 g, red color. The universal purpose allows the use of fruits in any kind of workpieces.
  2. Hybrid "Euro F1" This semi-determinant tomato refers to early medium-sized hybrids with a fruit weight of about 70-120 g. The variety is yielding, yields up to 11-15 kg per square meter. meters of area.
  3. Variety "Motto" is an early undersized tomato with a determinate type of bush, suitable for growing under light film shelters. Fruits reach a weight of 60-100 g. Partially resistant to late blight, fusarium, cladosporium.
  4. Variety "Izumrud" is a low-growing, determinant plant, with an average tomato weight of about 80-90 g. The advantage of these tomatoes is good yield and taste. It is resistant to late blight.
  5. Variety "Krokha" has the shortest growing season, ahead of other tomatoes in terms of ripening rate by almost a week. During the growing season, forms small, red, round-shaped fruits, weighing up to 35 g, very juicy and sweet.
  6. The "Praleska" variety is a medium-sized, determinate tomato with an average tomato weight of about 100 g. The shape of the fruit is round-flat with a small spout. Used for salads, tomato semi-finished products, canning. The tomato is resistant to late blight, responsive to watering and feeding.
  7. The hybrid "Storm F1" is a medium-sized, semi-determinant tomato with a high yield. Fruits weigh up to 120 g and are suitable for all types of canning. Per sq. no more than 3.5 plants are planted per meter of area, which are brought out into 2 trunks. The yield is 11-15 kg per square meter.
  8. Variety "Pozhar" is a medium-sized determinant tomato with fruits weighing up to 110 g. The variety is distinguished by good resistance to diseases.
  9. Variety "Early-310" is a medium-sized determinant tomato with red fruits weighing about 50-90 g. The advantages of tomato include a pleasant taste, high content of vitamin C in fruits, and good yield.
  10. "Profitable" - has long been successfully grown in Belarus. Determinant tomato with a bush height of 50-70 cm, unpretentious in care. Fruits are red, weighing about 60-90 g. The plant consistently gives a good, healthy harvest.
  11. Variety "Ranitsa" - a medium-sized tomato, determinant type with fruits weighing 50-70 g, red color, round-elongated shape. Resistant to the main types of diseases, responds well to quality care.

All these tomatoes are bred as a result of the work of Belarusian breeders and are ideal for local conditions.

Medium early varieties of tomatoes for open ground

Tomatoes with a growing season of 95-115 days can be grown outdoors, especially suitable for open ground in Belarus for children and half.

  1. The Kalinka variety is a medium-sized, determinate tomato, with fruits weighing up to 70 g. The taste of the fruits is excellent, the yield is good.
  2. The "Gift" variety is a low-growing plant with a bush height of only 48 cm, but the fruits gain weight in 120 g. Productivity per sq. M. square meter is 8 kg. The taste of the fruit is excellent, suitable for all types of tomato preparations.
  3. Variety "Prize" - undersized with a bush height of 40-45 cm, determinant, with a low weight of tomatoes, only about 70 g, is used for pickling and cooking tomato semi-finished products.
  4. "Peremoga" - medium-sized, semi-determinant, with flat-round tomatoes with an average weight of 100-130 g. The variety is distinguished by stable productivity and tasty fruits.
  5. Variety "Vilina" is a medium-sized, determinant tomato with a fruit weight of about 80 g. Reviews speak of excellent taste.
  6. Variety "Rouzha" is a medium-sized determinant tomato, with fruits, the average weight of each one fluctuates around 60-90 g. The taste is excellent, suitable for all types of tomato preparations.
  7. Orange-1 is a determinate tomato with unusual orange fruits. The fruits are round, with a smooth skin and an average weight of 90-120 g, are distinguished by a high content of carotene.
  8. Variety "Vezha" - a tall indeterminate tomato with fruits, the average weight of which is 80-120 g. Taste indicators have the highest estimate, high yield.
  9. "Boom F1" is a semi-determinant, fruitful hybrid with fruits of about 110-120 g. Productivity is 12-16 kg per sq. M. m area. It demonstrates the best yield in temporary film greenhouses. Used for salads and all types of winter preparations.
  10. Variety "Agat" - undersized, determinant tomato with fruits weighing about 100 g. Differs in excellent taste and resistance to common diseases.
  11. "Start F1" is an indeterminate hybrid with a yield of 12-15 kg per sq. square meter, with a tomato mass of 90-130 g. The tomato is versatile, has excellent commodity and consumer characteristics.

These varieties of tomatoes are recommended for planting in open ground in Belarus. They are entered in the State Register. At the genetic level, they have protection against most pathogens of viral and fungal diseases, some types of pests.

Tomato varieties for greenhouses

Growing tomatoes in greenhouses offers many advantages, allowing you to adjust the environmental parameters for the specific needs of vegetable crops. In greenhouses, you can grow tomatoes using seedlings or sow seeds directly into the ground. The latter method significantly reduces labor costs and time for caring for plants. There is no need to plant seedlings, and the seedlings themselves do not waste time on survival in a new place. For this type of cultivation, tomato seeds of the “Silhouette”, “Bele”, “Alcazar”, “Geronimo”, “Raisa”, “Magnus”, “Triver”, “Malika”, “Honey Salute”, “Gift to a Woman” variety are recommended.

Pick up tomatoes with short growing seasons, the ability to tolerate low temperatures, insufficient light.

Dutch breeders have a lot of such types of tomatoes for a greenhouse, but they are quite demanding to care for.

Pay attention to the Dutch, high-yielding varieties:

  • "Belfast F1" - suitable for all types of greenhouses, is not afraid of temperature stresses, forms fruits up to 300 g in weight, with excellent consumer characteristics;
  • "Aksai F1" - is distinguished by short ripening periods, with fruits of ideal commercial quality, weighing 140-180 g, ripening simultaneously on several clusters;
  • "Panekra F1" - a hybrid for any greenhouse with large tomatoes that are not prone to cracking and weighing 300-450 g;
  • "Sakura F1" is a hybrid adapted to low light and low temperatures, with low weight tomatoes up to 20 g, and exceptional taste characteristics.

Hybrids for greenhouses necessarily have protection against most of the diseases that are typical for greenhouses.

Today, the best tomato varieties for Belarus of their own breeding in terms of yield are: Harmony F1, Verlioka F1, Fanta F1, Alcazar F1, Alhambra F1. They give from 1 sq. square meter of about 14-16 kg of tomato.

For gardeners growing tomatoes using seedlings, you can safely choose plants with longer growing seasons. Seeds can be sown as early as February. Timing should be adjusted to reflect the quality of the greenhouse. By the period of transplantation to a place of constant growth, the seedlings should be 55-65 days old.

In this case, any varieties that can grow in the conditions of the Belarusian summer are suitable for greenhouses. These can be tall, indeterminate vines or tomatoes with limited growth. With the proper efforts and spending time on seedlings, you can be sure that an excellent result will not keep you waiting.

Get acquainted with the novelties of the Belarusian breeding school and choose for yourself the best varieties of tomatoes that are just beginning to appear on the market. The Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Ecology of the Belarusian State Agricultural Academy announced this year the varieties "Berkut", "Garant", "Zorka", "Cherry Coral", "Strela", "Irma", "Teal", "Tamara", "Hybrid F1 Adapt", "Hybrid F1 Alexander". These novelties are awaiting the assessment of the owners of personal plots and gardeners. It is up to those who will be able to test them in practice, on garden plots and give them a worthy assessment.

For fans of exotic plants, the market provides a whole list of tomatoes that are very unusual in shape and color. Black, yellow, purple and even white tomatoes are offered to gardeners by scientists. The novelties also differ in taste, reminiscent of peppers or watermelons. But you always need to plant several proven varieties to get a yield guarantee.

Watch the video: HYDROPONIC Tomato and Pepper House. NEW GREENHOUSE u0026 SYSTEM PART 1 (August 2022).