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Among summer residents, the popularity of folk recipes for caring for vegetables is growing. Feeding garlic with ammonia helps many to grow vigorous heads. Many people will find useful information on how to use an inexpensive pharmaceutical drug.
Ammonia is produced by combining ammonia with water. Ammonia is a colorless gas, but with a very unpleasant odor. You can buy a bottle of ammonia at any pharmacy. It is released in the form of a 10% solution. The label may say "Ammonia" or "Ammonia". In both cases, it is the same remedy.
From the formula of ammonia NH₄OH, it is clear that the composition contains nitrogen (N). This chemical element is essential for all plants to grow. Vegetables can absorb nitrogen from the soil, and not in pure form, but in the form of a compound.
The benefits of ammonia are not only high nitrogen concentrations. With its pungent smell, it scares away pests from plants. Insects encroaching on garlic are also afraid of him:
- onion fly;
- carrot fly;
The yellow leaves on the garlic are the first sign that pests are in the garden. Using ammonia water, you can solve two problems: to feed the growing garlic with nitrogen, to rid it of pests.
Why do many people choose ammonia?
Someone will disagree and say that there is a large amount of nitrogen-containing fertilizers and various insecticides to solve these problems. This is true, but the main advantage of feeding garlic with ammonia is the absence of nitrates in the crop. For many, the desire to grow organic vegetables is the main goal, which is why they choose ammonia.
Let's list the benefits that they get:
- no nitrogen accumulation occurs in the heads;
- cost savings, since the drug is cheap, its processing costs are small;
- the nitrogen contained in ammonia is easily assimilated, this can be seen in the juicy, bright green feather and pouring heads;
- you can not be afraid to overfeed the garlic with nitrogen, this will not happen 100%.
The main rule of an experienced gardener is not to fix the problem, but to prevent it. Do not wait for yellow garlic feathers to appear in your garden, use our recipes for processing garlic with ammonia and forget about the problems.
How to feed garlic with ammonia?
It is necessary to adhere to the recipe even when using safe substances as fertilizer. Let us consider separately the method of diluting ammonia for dressing garlic and the recipe for preparing a solution that is watered with garlic from pests.
Pest control recipe
This recipe can be applied to onions, both crops suffer from the same insects. The recipe requires ammonia, water and soap. The soap should be added to the water solution without fail. Gardeners prefer 72% laundry soap. It must first be rubbed on a grater with fine holes.
For cooking, take a 10 liter bucket of water. To obtain a working fluid, take 100 g of grated soap and 50 ml of ammonia. The soap shavings are diluted with a small amount of hot water and only after that they are poured into a bucket. The solution should be mixed well before use and immediately proceed to processing.
Important! Use the prepared solution immediately, until the ammonia evaporates from it.
You need a sprayer to work. From pests, you will need to spray the entire feather of the garlic. It doesn't matter if the solution remains, it can be used to treat cabbage from cruciferous fleas or aphids. During the summer of the carrot fly, the treatment with ammonia will protect the carrot beds. One treatment is not enough, it will need to be repeated 2-3 more times.
You need to feed the garlic with ammonia every 2 weeks, without waiting for signs of nitrogen starvation. During the summer, alternate root and foliar fertilization. For example, winter garlic (planted in autumn) is watered with ammonia in the spring 2 weeks after the appearance of the feather. At the end of June, water the garlic bed for the last time.
For the prevention of nitrogen starvation, a low concentration ammonia solution is prepared. 2 tablespoons of the drug are enough for a bucket of water. Water the garlic early in the morning or in the evening after 17-00, this also applies to the treatment of feathers from pests. Watering in sunny weather can burn the leaves.
Signs of nitrogen starvation
How to understand that there is not enough nitrogen in the soil and garlic needs fertilization. Like any other vegetable crop, it signals a problem with its external manifestations. Let's list the main signs of nitrogen deficiency:
- small feathers;
- slow head formation;
- lethargic, yellowed feather;
- pale coloration of the stem.
The yellow color of the leaves sometimes signals a lack of iron, and also if the summer resident rarely waters the garlic bed and the soil often dries up. The difference between nitrogen starvation is yellowing of old leaves in the first place, young in the second.
Let's figure out why a lack of nitrogen is dangerous for a crop. You will not be able to get a good harvest. Due to the gradual yellowing of the leaves, less nutrients are supplied to the head, they are not enough to form a full-fledged head.
Reference. Weeds have red streaks in low nitrogen soil.
The most common nitrogen deficiency occurs on acidic soils. Finding the pH of the soil in your area is not difficult. Litmus paper is commercially available for this purpose. And it is even better if there is a special device for determining acidity in everyday life. They are inexpensive and readily available. Adjusting the acidity of the soil will help increase the yield of your garlic.
In gardening, the advice of experienced summer residents will never interfere. Sometimes little things play a big role. There are such features in ammonia feeding. Knowing about the high volatility of the substance, experienced summer residents sprinkle a bed of garlic with earth immediately after watering with fertilizer.
Garlic is winter (planted before winter) and spring (planted in spring). The timing of their watering with ammonia varies. A winter crop is fertilized for the first time when it has barely hatched out of the ground, and a spring crop is fertilized only after 5–6 feathers have formed.
In emergency cases, with acute signs of nitrogen starvation, it is advised to apply a single fertilizer containing a shock dose of ammonia. For 1 liter of water, take 1 tbsp. l. facilities. Watering is carried out in the aisles. This measure is used in the most extreme cases.
Another tip for landing. Garlic does not grow well in heavy soils with a lot of clay. Sand can improve the situation. It can be added to the bottom of the hole during planting and the head can be covered from above. A small trick, but effective.
How else to feed garlic?
Ammonium is not the only remedy that summer residents use when growing garlic. The herb is considered a good supplier of nitrogen; you can find it at any dacha. Lawn mowed grass and common weeds are fine. The picked grass must first be crushed, then filled with 2/3 of the total volume.
Fill the barrel to the top with water and leave to ferment for 2 weeks. Stir the contents of the barrel 2-3 times during this period. The finished infusion is considered a concentrated fertilizer. It is not used in its pure form; it is customary to dilute it with water in a ratio of 1:10. This herbal fertilizer can be used to feed garlic in June, later it is not recommended to do this, since potassium and phosphorus will be needed to form the heads.
In conclusion, one more simple tip. Grow garlic in one place for no more than 2 years. After that, plant other vegetables on this ridge for 3 years. Melons will be excellent predecessors for it: squash, pumpkins and vegetables such as beans, cabbage, beans and peas. It grows well after strawberries.
Wiki's fall planting won't hurt. Vetch is a leguminous crop related to green manure. In the process of growth, it loosens the soil, nourishes it with nitrogen, cleans it from infections, pests and weeds. Useful top dressing, properly prepared soil will provide you with large heads of garlic for the whole winter.