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Useful properties and harm of persimmon for the body, contraindications and consumption rate

Useful properties and harm of persimmon for the body, contraindications and consumption rate


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The deciduous tree on which the persimmon ripens grows to a height of 5 to 15 meters. A native tropical culture from China, but is cultivated in Turkey, and in Tajikistan, and in Greece, and in Israel, and in the Caucasus. The round fruit attracts with a sunny color, contains a lot of useful substances. Parents stuff their babies with bright orange berries, which appear on sale in the fall, because everyone is talking about the benefits of persimmon, but thanks to the multicomponent composition, it can harm children, especially those prone to allergies.

Composition

In terms of the content of microelements and organic acids, the tropical fruit has left behind grapes, pears, and apples. Persimmons are rich in fiber, which helps to improve digestion, pectin, which eliminates diarrhea, monosaccharides, which have a beneficial effect on the heart. Fisetin prevents cell aging, helps to increase life expectancy.

Macro and microelements

The bright berries contain iron, without which anemia cannot be cured. They contain potassium, which reduces the risk of developing atherosclerosis. The tropical fruit contains magnesium, which is involved in the synthesis of insulin, activates metabolic processes.

The persimmon contains:

  • sodium;
  • calcium;
  • manganese.

Orange fruits are rich in iodine. Lack of such a trace element is fraught with problems with the thyroid gland.

Vitamins

The berries of a tropical deciduous tree, which can grow up to 5 hundred years, are valued not only for their high concentration of fiber and minerals, but also for the presence of vitamins of different groups, acids - citric and apple:

  1. Beta-carotene reduces the risk of cancerous tumors and rejuvenates the skin.
  2. Rutin and quercetin reduce capillary fragility.
  3. Ascorbic acid helps to cope with colds, tones up, restores lost efficiency.
  4. Vitamin A helps to strengthen the immune system, renew cells, and restore vision.

Persimmon has antibacterial properties, has a negative effect on staphylococci, and destroys Escherichia coli.

Calorie content

On the shelves of retail outlets, you can find only a few varieties of tropical fruits, although the number is in the hundreds. Fruits are eaten fresh, 100 g contains about 53 kcal, since such persimmon contains absolutely no fat, and carbohydrates are less than 20 grams, there is practically no protein.

Dried or sun-dried berries are rich in sugars, have a high concentration of nutrients, about 245 kcal per 100 g.

Useful properties of different varieties of persimmon

Korolek is distinguished by a sweet taste, lack of astringency, a significant amount of carbohydrates. Its fruits are well absorbed, although they contain a lot of sugars. Berries improve the digestion of food, cleanse the stomach of its remnants. The usefulness of this persimmon variety has been known for a long time.

In alternative medicine, the fruits of the Korolka are used in the treatment of:

  • anemia;
  • enuresis;
  • sclerosis;
  • nephrolithiasis.

When eating fruits, wounds heal faster, blood pressure normalizes, prostatitis is relieved in men, and edema disappears in pregnant women. The pulp of the Caucasian persimmon is very tart, but after freezing the taste improves. These fruits are suitable for a diet, since there are a little more than 500 kcal in a kilogram of berries, the same amount is present in a piece of cake.

Mandarin persimmon is prized for its sweet pulp, it contains a significant amount of ascorbic acid, which strengthens the immune system, helps fight infection and hormonal imbalances.

Large fruits of the Ox heart are rich in tannins and minerals, increase hemoglobin, and improve digestion. Sharon, which is a hybrid of persimmon and apple, is valued for its delicate pulp, lack of astringency and seeds, and low calorie content. There is a lot of beta-carotene in berries; women who are expecting a baby are advised to use them.

Each of these varieties of persimmons:

  1. Strengthens the walls of arteries and capillaries.
  2. Strengthens the immune system.
  3. Improves skin condition.
  4. It has a beneficial effect on vision.

In folk medicine, in addition to the berries of a tropical plant, tree leaves are used. Tea is prepared from them for anemia, and in boiled form is applied to purulent wounds.

How to choose a ripe and quality product

Although a lot of persimmons are sold on the shelves of outlets in the fall, and Korolek is more often found on the market, it is not so easy to understand which fruits are better to buy. Ripe fruits do not have a pale, but a bright orange color, soft pulp. Unripe berries are not only tart, but also contain a lot of tannin, which, when consumed, leads to constipation. It is not necessary to purchase a persimmon, covered with spots, with leaves that are not green, but whitish.

The healing effect of berries on the body

Many people, buying bright fruits for the sake of vitamins, do not think about what else persimmon is useful for health. Due to the presence in the composition of various components, it has a number of medicinal properties, acts on all body systems and is used in the treatment of many diseases in addition to medications.

Persimmon accelerates recovery from colds, viral infections, flu. Adults enjoy sweet berries, children like this tasty medicine.

On the cardiovascular system

Poor ecology, constant stress, modern pace of life and bad habits lead to the fact that more and more people die from heart attacks, become disabled after strokes. The trace elements present in persimmon strengthen blood vessels, restore their elasticity, help normalize blood pressure, improve the functioning of the heart muscle, and prevent the development of atherosclerosis.

With anemia

Bright fruits are rich in copper, iron, and ascorbic acid, vitamins B and D, which have a beneficial effect on blood circulation. To increase hemoglobin, cure anemia, it is enough to drink half a glass of juice from fresh persimmons several times a day.

For liver health

The southern fruit serves as a source of natural antioxidants, enhances the body's defenses against various diseases. Coarse fibers normalize lipid metabolism, prevent the development of liver hepatosis, prevent fats from being deposited on it.

Does it help with constipation

When using unripe persimmon, intestinal permeability worsens, since such a product takes a very long time to digest due to the content of a large amount of tannin. Ripe fruits act differently. Coarse fibers stimulate peristalsis, pectin has a laxative effect. Slightly overripe berries contribute to the liquefaction of feces, eliminate constipation, remove toxins and toxins. Diarrhea may occur if large quantities of fresh fruit are eaten.

For the normalization of digestion and weight loss

Although the pulp is rich in sugars, persimmons are low in calories. Fiber and coarse fibers contribute to quick satiety. Fruits are included in many diets, following which they lose up to 5 kg. Fasting days help to lose weight, arrange them once a week and eat well-ripe fruits.

Application features

Only persimmon, which lacks an astringent tart taste, can be consumed fresh. Orange berries go well with carrots, oatmeal, pumpkin, but it is better to eat them separately an hour before breakfast or lunch, two after a meal. To saturate the body with useful components, 2 fruits per day are enough.

During pregnancy

Women who are carrying a baby often have anemia. Ripe persimmons are rich in iron, which helps to increase hemoglobin. Calcium has a beneficial effect on the formation of bone structures in the fetus. Vitamin C protects the expectant mother from colds and viral infections. You need to start eating berries with small portions to check if they will provoke allergies.

It is worth eating no more than one ripe fruit per day; with a rapid weight gain, it is better to refuse persimmons.

With menopause and old age

At the onset of menopause, a woman's body loses many trace elements, especially iron. To replenish the need for vitamins and minerals, it is recommended to consume ripe persimmons. Berries alleviate the condition with menopause, stabilize the level of hormones. But do not get too carried away with tropical fruits, it is enough to eat 1 or 2 fruits a day.

Elderly people need to take exotic berries carefully, it is better to refuse such a product in the evening, and eat in the morning before breakfast and lunch. For patients with diabetes mellitus and constipation, orange fruits are contraindicated.

Admission rate per day

Even a useful product can harm healthy people if consumed in kilograms. Persimmon has a fixing effect, because it is rich in tannin and can cause allergies, which is why you cannot eat a lot of berries. The norm per day is 4 fruits, for children it is 2 times less. This is quite enough to protect the body from viral infection and strengthen the immune system. It is necessary to alternate persimmon with other fruits, which also contain useful components and diversify the diet.

Is it possible to use the bones of the fetus

The orange berries sold on the market contain from 5 to 7 grains, from which a tree grows after a long time. However, unlike cherries and apricots, persimmon seeds do not contain hydrocyanic acid. In Asian countries, they are cleaned of pulp, dried, fried in a pan, ground and coffee is made. This drink is consumed with milk.

When to give up persimmons

Although orange fruits have many medicinal properties, not everyone can feast on them. Tropical fruit is not recommended to be included in the diet of women who are breastfeeding, so as not to cause allergies in the baby, you should not give such a product to children under 10 years of age.

Persimmons should not be used by people suffering from:

  • pancreatitis;
  • constipation;
  • gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer.

If there are adhesions in the intestine, the fetus can lead to acute obstruction. With a tendency to be overweight, persimmon accelerates weight gain.

Diabetes mellitus harm

When eating sweet orange fruits, metabolism improves, excess fluid is removed, vision is restored, which drops sharply in type 2 diabetes. With such a disease, it is allowed to eat one small fruit, dividing it into several parts, and even better to use it baked, when the concentration of glucose is significantly reduced.

Diabetes of the first type and the second with a high sugar content are considered contraindications for taking persimmons, since the fruits contribute to an increase in the level of this indicator.


Watch the video: How to prune a PERSIMMON (May 2022).