How to properly feed cabbage with iodine in the open field

How to properly feed cabbage with iodine in the open field

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Fertilizing cabbage is an important point in caring for a vegetable. The soil does not always contain all the substances necessary for the plant, and the vegetative growth of cabbage requires replenishing the lack of the necessary minerals. Without them, dense heads of cabbage will not form in time, the vegetable's immunity to diseases and pests will not increase.

Features of growing cabbage

There are many types of cabbage cultivated in vegetable gardens. But for all representatives of a vegetable crop, the requirements for growing are the same. In regions with a temperate climate, the vegetable is sown first for seedlings, taking into account that the early varieties of cabbage will take 65-100 days for full development, and for the late varieties - 100-130 days. It is best to grow cabbage outdoors: the vegetable is not afraid of frost and can continue to develop until October, when the harvest of juicy heads of cabbage begins. They begin to plant seedlings of a vegetable from mid-May - early varieties, until mid-June - late ones.

The planting pattern in the ground is 50 x 50 or 60 x 60 centimeters. Before planting seedlings of a vegetable, 500 grams of humus is introduced into the holes, mixing with the ground. Then fertilized with ammonium nitrate (two grams), superphosphate (five grams) and potassium salt (three grams). It is advisable to add half a bucket of river silt to each hole. Seedlings are buried in the ground to the depth of the stem to the cotyledons. After planting, during the first week, seedlings are planted instead of dead cabbage shoots.

If you want to get a larger harvest from vegetable plantations, then you need to properly care for it. This includes procedures such as:

  • abundant watering;
  • timely feeding with organic and mineral substances;
  • loosening the soil after watering;
  • control of weeds, cabbage pests;
  • prevention of vegetable diseases.

Cabbage should be watered abundantly - a vegetable without moistening the soil forty to fifty centimeters deep will not give a good harvest. Two to three liters of water are poured under each bush. Often, watering is combined with top dressing. Fertilizers should not be applied randomly, you need to know the timing and rules for feeding cabbage bushes:

  1. Ten days after placing the seedlings on the beds, the vegetable is watered with a mullein diluted in water in a ratio of 1: 7.
  2. You can replace organic substances with minerals. To do this, take on a bucket of water ammonium nitrate, in the amount of forty grams, superphosphate - twenty grams and potassium salt - fifteen.
  3. The second time, cabbage needs fertilization with an interval of three weeks. For watering, use a solution of mullein in a ratio of 1: 5 or bird droppings - 1:15.
  4. In mineral dressing, they take ammonium nitrate - sixty grams and potassium salt - forty grams per ten liters of water.
  5. A liter of solution is poured under each vegetable bush.

Iodine feeding is useful for the development of vegetable culture. It can be both root and foliar.

Why iodine is useful for vegetable plants

The iodine tincture contains a rare element that is found everywhere. Its concentration is greatest in marine plants. The iodine content is especially high in seaweed, kelp algae. In Russia, the substance is obtained from drilling waters during oil production. In nature, it is found in minerals - iodides.

Iodine has a special place in the human body as a component of thyroid hormones produced by the thyroid gland. Without this element, development, growth and stability of life are disrupted.

It is known what role such elements as potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen play for the development of a plant organism. But iodine can stimulate metabolism within cells, which leads to the rapid growth of garden crops. When fertilizing cabbage with iodine tincture, the following occurs:

  • better assimilation of nitrogen compounds;
  • increase in vegetable yield;
  • getting a plant of vitamin C;
  • excellent keeping quality of forks of late-ripening cabbage varieties;
  • the acquisition by heads of cabbage of excellent taste, large size and density.

In addition, iodine makes the plant more resistant to disease.

Terms and rules for making iodine feeding

You need to know when and how many times to use iodine to fertilize cabbage. It is best, and safer for plants, to take a five percent alcohol solution of iodine, which a person uses to disinfect and heal wounds.

The rules for introducing an iodine solution as a top dressing for cabbage consist of the following parameters:

  1. During the formation of heads of cabbage, the vegetable bushes are watered with a solution prepared from a bucket of water and forty drops of iodine tincture. One liter of fertilizer will be enough for one plant. The procedure is carried out in cloudy weather after watering vegetable plants.
  2. You can spray the leaves of the plant with the same solution.
  3. Foliar dressing is carried out using a different concentration of the tincture solution. Prepare it by diluting half a teaspoon of antiseptic in ten liters of water.

Cabbage processing is carried out at the stage of tying the forks. It is imperative for those who spray a vegetable plant to protect their eyes from getting into them. tinctures. After all, iodine is classified as a toxic substance, and even a small concentration of it, if it gets on delicate mucous membranes, can cause a small burn.

Feeding cabbage with iodine is also important at the first stage of vegetable development. The seedlings will be protected from pathogenic microorganisms if they are sprayed once with a solution of septic tincture. For its preparation, a liter of milk and fifteen drops of iodine are added to a bucket of clean water at room temperature.

How foliar feeding is carried out

It is considered effective to spray cabbage with an iodine solution based on three to four leaves and during the period of setting the head of cabbage.

The procedure is carried out in sunny weather. The best time will be the morning after a heavy rain, when the soil is sufficiently moist and the leaves of the vegetable have not evaporated all the moisture. It is also good to feed cabbage with a liquid solution against dew or in the evening when the heat subsides. Spray cabbage bushes from a watering can.

Foliar agriculture allows you to quickly bring the necessary trace elements to the green parts of the vegetable.

The effectiveness of dressings

Those who feed cabbage with a solution of iodine tincture note a twofold increase in the yield of heads of cabbage. At the same time, the heads of cabbage collected in the fall are dense, juicy, clean, without damage from pests. Iodine scares off diseases from the vegetable, so dense forks lie for a long time, do not rot. Thanks to top dressing, the harvest is preserved better, and the heads of cabbage have a high-quality appearance.

The procedures for applying the solution are easy, effortless. And since iodine contributes to the better absorption of nitrogen fertilizers, at the end of the season healthy cabbage fruits are obtained, filled with useful elements and vitamins for the human body.

Watch the video: My Hypothyroidism Diet. Foods I Eat to Help Symptoms (July 2022).


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