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Early tomato varieties are very popular among vegetable growers. They begin to delight with their first harvest already three months after the appearance of the first shoots, and there are also such species that will allow you to harvest even earlier. Proper care will allow you to get the desired result.
Low-growing early species
How to choose the right variety depends on many conditions: the area in which it is supposed to grow tomatoes, the protection of the site from bad weather, the availability of free time for care, resistance to diseases and pests. Least of all hassle with undersized tomato species.
The earliest varieties of low-growing tomatoes are divided into determinant (no higher than 120 cm), semi-determinant (bush no higher than 130 cm) and superdeterminant (stem height does not exceed 90 cm). Such varieties take up little space, and they are convenient for planting in open ground.
The best varieties of early tomatoes of this type
Tomato variety Pearl can be selected in red, pink or yellow ripe fruit. From the moment the seedlings are planted to the ripening of the first fruits, very little time passes, only 87 days. The height of the compact bush is only 50 cm. Fruits are small in size, weighing about 30 g. The plant tolerates temperature changes and lack of light well.
Reviews of famous agronomists: “We have been sowing this variety for many years in a row. During cultivation, standard care is required. It is not necessary to form a stem; complex fertilizers are suitable as top dressing. Branches can bend under the weight of ripe fruits, so we recommend installing a support. "
Early maturity is characterized by the variety Dushechka F1. The bush grows up to 60 cm. The stem and branches are spreading, powerful. Leaving does not require shaping and pinching, but it is necessary to install a support. Ripe red fruits weigh about 150 g.
Alaska, from the moment of the first shoots, will give the first fruits very early, after 85 days. The bush is stretched in height up to only 55 cm. Partial pinning and tying to the support are required. During ripening, the fruits turn red and weigh about 90 g. The variety is able to set fruits even in unfavorable conditions.
Tomato bush Riddle has a small growth and a strong stem. Before harvesting, with good care, it is not long to wait, only 83 days. It tolerates shade well, there are practically no stepsons. The weight of the fruits is about 80 g. If the question arises when to sow the seeds, it is best in the last days of March.
Raja belongs to the semi-determinant group of plants. Seeds should be planted two months before transplanting to a permanent place. The height of the bush can reach 1 meter. When growing, pinching and tying to a support are required. When shaping, it is recommended to leave 3-4 brushes, and then pinch the top. At the stage of maturity, the fruits turn burgundy-red and weigh about 250 g.
The bush of the Aquarelle variety does not stretch up much, only up to 45 cm. The ripening time of the fruits is about 100 days. During transplantation of seedlings, it is useful to add superphosphate to the hole, in the future, you also do not need to forget about fertilizing and loosening the soil. It tolerates drought well, does not require pinning and garter to the support.
Not all super early tomato varieties are short. For example, the Blagovest F1 variety has a trunk length of about 2.5 meters. A characteristic with a detailed description of all the features will help determine which varieties are best to choose for your site.
When choosing varieties of tomatoes, the emphasis can be made not only on the early stages of fruit ripening, but also on the amount of the expected harvest. Early varieties of tomatoes that will delight you with a high yield.
Early tomatoes of the Kukla F1 variety will give fruit very early, already 86 days after the first shoots appear. The kut is determinant, in height it can reach 90 cm. During the care, pinching and tying to the support are carried out. Fruits turn pink at maturity. Differs in persistent immunity to many common infections.
Aphrodite F1 is a tall tomato variety that stretches up to 150 cm high. Fruits of an early ripening are a distinctive feature. Shows very good resistance against fungal diseases. Small tomatoes weigh about 100 g. It is imperative to tie up the stem, and install a support to the branches. It is better to form three stems.
Valentine belongs to the determinant type of growth. The bush in the garden grows up to 55 cm. Fruit ripening begins after 90 days. To maintain high yields, vegetable growers advise not to pinch this variety. Tying is indispensable, since the stem can break under the weight of the fruit. The weight of ripe red tomatoes is about 90 g.
Don Juan is characterized by a low bush, about 68 cm high. Ripe, tasty fruits can be harvested in 90 days. When growing outdoors, it must be borne in mind that the tomato variety does not tolerate cold well. It is imperative to tie it to a support, carry out pinching, loosen and weed the soil. If the plant is doing well, then two feedings per season are enough. The plum-shaped fruit weighs about 90 g.
Sinbad is a superdeterminant type; it matures in 95 days. Standard bushes grow up to 75 cm in height. The weight of ripe red, flat-round fruits is about 80 g. Tomatoes are best planted in a greenhouse. Planting the seeds should begin in early March for the seedlings to grow strong enough.
Almost all varieties are distinguished by high yields. One bush can be harvested from 8 to 14 kg. Feedback from experienced vegetable growers: “I have been sowing seeds of these types of tomatoes for a long time. Early maturing varieties are distinguished by their unique harvest. The fruits are tasty, juicy and aromatic, as they ripen in the sunniest and warmest months of summer. "
Super early varieties of tomatoes yield earlier than others.
Among the early tomatoes, vegetable growers know the Raisin variety. The bush on its sturdy stem (the maximum reaches 140 cm) accommodates a large number of pink, oblong fruits. The crop can be harvested after 88 days. Sowing seeds is best at the end of March.
Irishka, with good care, can give the first ripe fruits after 80 days. It stretches up to 80 cm. The variety will delight you with high yields and unpretentious care. The stem must be tied up and the plant must be protected from the cold. The fruits weigh approximately 100 g.
A super early tomato variety is the Arctic. The first tasty fruits begin to ripen as early as 78 days. The height of the bush does not exceed 40 cm. The mass of pink fruits is about 27 g. Care during cultivation is standard, it involves weeding, loosening, watering and applying mineral fertilizers.
The fruits of ultra-early tomatoes of the Marisha variety begin to ripen from 80 days from the moment of germination. The stem is approximately 45 cm high, so no tying is necessary during cultivation. Red, round, tasty fruits weigh about 100 g.
Parodist is an early tomato variety. The bush grows up to 50 cm in height. No need to form a stem and tie it to a support. An amicable return of the crop is possible even in bad weather conditions. Shows resistance to many fungal diseases.
The earliest variety Maksimka belongs to determinant plants. It grows to a height of 55 cm. A very ripe variety that will allow the first fruits to be removed in 75 days. Smooth, slightly flattened red fruits weigh about 90 g.
Early ripening tomato varieties are complemented by Explosion. From the moment of planting the seeds to the ripening of the fruit, it takes about 100 days. Determinant bushes grow up to 50 cm. Fruits weigh about 120 g. Tomato seeds begin to be planted in late March or early April. They need moderate watering and top dressing. Wood ash, chicken droppings and manure are well accepted.
The earliest ripening types of tomatoes rarely get sick, since they do not catch the season of massive spread of infections. By this period, it is already possible to harvest.
How to grow early tomatoes
The quality and quantity of the future harvest depends on good seedlings. For self-growing tomatoes for seedlings, you need to choose the right variety and planting time.
When to plant the seeds depends on the further permanent place of their growth. If further cultivation in a greenhouse is planned, then planting tomato seeds for seedlings can be done early, in late February or early March. If it is supposed to be grown in an open area, then the sowing dates are shifted to mid-March, provided that the beds will be covered with a film at night. If no shelter is expected, then it is better to shift the landing dates to the beginning of April.
Initially, you need to carry out the pre-sowing preparation of the planting material. Only large and dense seeds should be selected from the pack. Then lower them for a while in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This procedure will help increase immunity to many diseases.
Some gardeners recommend soaking the seeds in preparations that stimulate the growth and development of the plant. You can use a self-made solution. 40 g of wood ash are dissolved in warm water (400 ml) and seeds are dipped into the resulting solution for a day.
In boxes filled with soil, planting material is sown into prepared grooves with a depth of about 1 cm.Then sprinkle with a small layer of soil and slightly moisten the soil. Until most of the shoots appear, the boxes are covered with foil.
After the first shoots appear, the boxes with seedlings are moved to a bright, warm place. If necessary, the beds are thinned out. As soon as the first three leaves unfold, the seedlings dive into separate cups.
The site for planting early tomatoes should be chosen correctly. The best predecessors are cucumbers, cabbage, carrots. In the fall or early spring, it is useful to apply potash or nitrogen fertilizers, as well as wood ash.
The main criterion by which you need to be equal when planting seedlings in the ground is the temperature regime. The average daily air temperature should be about +12 degrees. By this time, the height of seedlings can reach 20 cm. Transplanting seedlings is best done in the evening or early morning.
Each tomato bush is deepened into the hole to the first leaf and the earth is tamped tightly around the seedling. The distance between the seedlings should not be less than 35 cm. The prepared recess is watered, a bush is planted and sprinkled with earth.
Experienced gardeners advise mulching the soil where the tomatoes grow. Dry sawdust works well as mulch, but you can also use last year's straw.
Early ripening varieties of tomatoes need regular watering with warm water, weeding, loosening the soil. Some varieties need support and stem formation. For the entire growing season, you need to make additional feeding 3-4 times. The main components are superphosphate, magnesium, boron, potassium chloride. The infusion of chicken manure and mullein is popular.