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Rules for planting and breeding pink snowberry, care secrets

Rules for planting and breeding pink snowberry, care secrets


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Snowberry is an ornamental shrub of the Honeysuckle family. The deciduous plant is native to the wildlife of China and North America. The bush is called wolfberry because of its poisonous fruit. Their beautiful snow-white color takes on a color tint depending on the variety.

The berries of the pink snowberry ripen in red, crimson, purple bunches and hang on the branches all winter.

Description and characteristics of the snowberry

The pink snowberry is called common or rounded.

External features of the plant:

  • deciduous perennial;
  • bush height - up to 2 meters;
  • thin flexible branches in young plants grow straight, in old ones they are lowered down;
  • the bark is gray-brown, smooth;
  • leaves on petioles grow from 1.5 to 6 centimeters long, oval, sometimes with notches along the edges;
  • the leaf of the snowberry is green on the outside and dark gray-green on the back;
  • clusters of inflorescences are formed in the axils between the leaves and the stem along its entire length;
  • flowers are small, pink;
  • berries are smooth, shiny, round, 1 centimeter in diameter;
  • up to 3 seeds ripen in the berry.

Adult plants form dense spreading crowns, so they are thinned out in late autumn or early spring.

Snowberry pink blooms from mid-July. The berries are colored in coral, purple hues and remain on the branches after the foliage falls in the fall. Dark bushes with bright bunches of berries adorn gardens and parks in winter.

Advantages and disadvantages

Positive qualities of a snowberry:

  • pest resistance;
  • unpretentiousness to lighting;
  • decorativeness.

Bees flock to the scent of a blooming snowberry. The honey shrub will decorate the apiary. A late flowering plant will help hive dwellers prepare for wintering.

The disadvantage of the pink variety is its low resistance to frost. It is suitable for cultivation in the southern regions.

Berries are used in folk medicine as an external remedy for the treatment of skin diseases and wound healing. The fruits eaten from the bush cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, urticaria in a person. The saponins in the pulp and juice irritate the stomach lining. Frost destroys toxins, so birds feed on berries in winter.

An adult will not be seriously poisoned by two berries. But if children are walking in the garden, it is better not to plant a snowberry, since curiosity can cost them their health.

How to properly grow an ornamental culture

Planting a snowberry does not require special knowledge and skills. An unpretentious, parasite-resistant shrub can be grown by novice gardeners.

When to plant in the ground

The snowberry is planted in spring, autumn, less often in summer. In dry weather, the bushes require more careful care - abundant watering and loosening.

Location

The plant tolerates shade and sun well. The roots of the bushes strengthen the soil on loose slopes. A pink snowberry will grow in depleted soil if fertilized during planting and fed throughout the year. The bushes are best suited for soil with neutral and low acidity.

Preparation of seedlings

Young shrubs with open roots are dipped in a clay mash before planting for quick adaptation. Seedlings are taken out of boxes with an earthen clod and lowered into the planting pit without shaking it off.

How to plant

For a single bush, a hole is dug with a diameter of 50 and a depth of 60 centimeters. A trench of the same depth and width of 0.5 meters is prepared for a hedge. The distance between individual bushes is 150 centimeters. There are 4-5 plants per running meter of the trench.

A drainage 10 centimeters thick is placed on the bottom of a pit or trench, and then a soil mixture is added from equal parts of river sand, compost and peat. Per one bush, mix:

  • dolomite flour - 200 grams;
  • superphosphate - 200 grams;
  • wood ash - 600 grams.

For seedlings with open roots, the place is prepared six months before planting, so that the earth is evenly saturated with fertilizers and subsides. Planting of young bushes with a root ball of earth is carried out at any time of the year, and the soil is prepared 2 weeks before it.

The bush is lowered into a hole and sprinkled with soil, leaving the root part of the stem on the surface. Then the plant is watered. Wet soil will sink and the stem will sink.

Within 5 days after planting, the snowberry needs daily watering. 4 liters of water are poured under the bush.

Flower care

The snowberry grows well and bears fruit if the bush is watered moderately, fed twice a year and cut off.

Fertilizers and feeding

The first top dressing is applied in mid-April. The soil is dug up with humus. One bush accounts for 6 kilograms of organic fertilizer, to which 100 grams of potassium salt and superphosphate are added. Before flowering in July and August, plants are fertilized with Agricola. 50 grams of fertilizer is dissolved in 10 liters of water and poured under one bush.

Watering, loosening, feeding

The snowberry does not need to be watered often. In rainy weather, plants will do without watering. In the heat, one bush requires 15-20 liters of water. After watering and rain, the soil must be loosened.

Mulching will help to retain moisture in the soil and not worry about loosening. The near-trunk circle is covered with a layer of peat 8-10 centimeters thick. In the fall, they dig up the soil.

Pruning

In the spring, branches damaged by frost are removed. In late May, early June, the bushes are given a decorative shape. A haircut is carried out before flowering, so that the inflorescences form on the cut branches. Without pruning, the bushes thicken and bloom poorly.

Protection against diseases and pests

Pests are not interested in the American poisonous guest, the snowberry. But gray rot and powdery mildew affect berries and leaves at high humidity. For prophylaxis, plants are treated in spring with Bordeaux liquid. The fungus is treated with fungicides Topaz, Quadris, Topsin.

Snowberry breeding

Bushes propagate by seeds and vegetatively. The easiest way to get young seedlings in a way that is natural for the wild is by rooting the cuttings. Also, seedlings are obtained by cuttings. The workpieces are cut in the fall or spring. Seedlings from cuttings need to be sprayed every day.

Seeds

Seed propagation is used in breeding work. Wet seeds from the fruit are squeezed through a nylon flap, washed in a container with water. They sink to the bottom, and the pulp of the berries floats. The washed seeds are dried and stratified - kept in the cold. Then they are planted in seedling boxes with soil, sprinkled with sand on top.

Germinating seeds at home is difficult because the moisture in the soil needs to be controlled. Seedlings are transferred to open ground only after 2 years.

Cuttings

Snowberry is propagated by green and lignified cuttings. In the second half of November, early December, twigs 10 centimeters long are cut off. The cuttings are buried in containers with sand, which are removed in a cool place. In March, they are kept in a rooting solution and planted in boxes with soil. Green cuttings are cut in late May, early June. In order for them to take root, they are kept in spring water at room temperature.

Winter and summer blanks are planted in boxes with soil mixed with sand. Until autumn they are kept in a greenhouse, and in September they are transplanted into open ground.

Root shoots, layering, delenki

By dividing the bush, the snowberry is propagated in early spring, before sap flow, but this method injures the plant. The bush is dug up, the root part is cut with a sharp shovel so that the main root processes and branches remain on each segment. Divided bushes are planted. After dividing, the bushes do not take root well.

Rooting cuttings and replanting root shoots give the best results. The branch is bent to the ground, buried in and pressed on top with a stone or fixed with wire. The cuttings are deposited with a lump of earth. Young plants are transplanted after six months, and they take root well.

Flower application in garden design

The garden is divided into zones with hedges made of snowberries. The green lawn is decorated with individual bushes. Bright flowers look beautiful against the background of spreading green thickets in summer. A versatile plant suitable for autumn compositions.

Viburnum, mountain ash, hawthorn are planted next to the snowberry. Tall dark green deciduous and coniferous trees beautifully set off bushes with purple berries.

The snowberry blooms and bears fruit in places with exhaust-polluted air. Ornamental shrubs are used to ennoble areas near highways, city parks.


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