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Pear "Tatyana" is an autumn variety from the Rossoshanskaya zonal experimental gardening plant selection. The variety was bred by A. M. Ulyanischev, a breeder, by crossing the varieties “Klapp's Favorite” and “Winter Michurina Coast”.
Fifteen years ago, the variety was included in the State Register, but has not yet received wide distribution and mass popularization in most regions. Most often cultivated in the southern parts of the Voronezh region, as well as in the north of the Rostov region.
Varietal characteristic and description
The tree is a tall, with a narrow pyramidal crown, which in the process of growth and development of the plant becomes wide-pyramidal or spherical. The variety description declares a weak shoot-forming ability, which characterizes the crown as slightly thickened.
The staining of the cortex on the stem is dark gray. The color of the cortex on the skeletal branches is closer to dun. Shoots are brown, with a violet tint, straight and thick, without pubescence. The buds are fawn pink. The flowers are white stained, cup-shaped, with average indicators of terry. The flowering period is relatively late, which makes it possible to insure fruit stands from late return frosts in the spring.
The fruits are quite large. The average weight of a fully ripened pear can vary from 150 to 235 g. The shape of the fruit is pear-shaped, symmetrical, the surface is smooth. At the stage of consumer maturity, the main coloration is golden yellow. The flesh is whitish cream. It has a very delicate and juicy texture, sweet dessert taste.
How to choose the right pear variety
Rules for the collection and storage of fruits
Harvesting should be done no later than ten days before the expected date of complete ripening of the fruit. The pear maturity can be determined by the following criteria:
- acquisition by the fruit of the main varietal staining;
- strength indicators of attachment to the stalk;
- density indicators of fruit pulp;
- the appearance of characteristic varietal taste and aroma.
Delayed collection provokes the appearance of a powdery aftertaste of pulp and shortens the shelf life of pears. In order for the fruits to acquire dessert taste and characteristic oiliness, the basic storage rules and harvest dates should be observed.
A pear called "Tatyana" refers to autumn varieties. To reduce the number of scavengers, it is recommended to spray the trees with special preparations that improve metabolic processes in the stalks of pears, as well as help to delay the formation of the separating layer.
Keep collected pears in clean crates or containers. We recommend using paper or dry and clean wood shavings as packaging material.
The duration of storage and the quality of the crop largely depend on the indicators of fruit ripeness and temperature conditions in the room. Storage of pears at home requires the mandatory maintenance of a temperature of 1-2 ° C with a relative humidity of at least 90-95%. Even a slight fluctuation of these indicators can negatively affect the shelf life, as well as taste and presentation of the fruit.
Reviews of summer residents
As a rule, gardeners' reviews are positive and characterize the Tatyana pear as a variety characterized by a wonderful dessert fruit taste, high and stable yield, and excellent frost resistance - up to -30-32 ˚С. In addition, the plants are resistant to scab and are practically not affected by such a dangerous disease as powdery mildew.
"Tatyana" is a very productive variety, characterized by the stability of fruiting, into which the tree enters about five to six years after planting. Ripe pears are not only good fresh, but also retain the taste and aroma during processing.
How to grow a pear
According to experienced gardeners, the site intended for growing pears should definitely be enriched with humus with the addition of superphosphate and a small amount of potassium salts. It is worth remembering that an overabundance of organic matter often causes an excessive build-up of shoots that freeze in the winter. Uncontrolled application of mineral fertilizers is also dangerous: it can cause poisoning of the plant.
It is noted that severe frosts most often cause only slight freezing of plant tissues. Fruit trees are very responsive to the application of wood ash, and are also very responsive to high agricultural technology when growing in household plots.