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Features of growing pears of the variety "Sverdlovchanka"

Features of growing pears of the variety "Sverdlovchanka"



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Pear "Sverdlovchanka", related to varieties of autumn-summer ripening period, was bred by joint efforts of experienced breeders of the Sverdlovsk and Saratov experimental gardening stations. The variety description claims such valuable qualities as dessert taste of pears, large-fruited, high productivity, excellent winter hardiness and increased resistance to major diseases.

Grade characteristics

The variety "Sverdlovchanka" forms medium-tall trees with a wide-pyramidal or round crown. Skeletal branches have a greenish-gray staining of the cortex and are raised up. Shoots are greenish brown. The leaves are dark green, shiny, with long stalks. The flowers are medium sized, white. Flowering later, so that the ovaries are not damaged by return frosts.

Fruits weighing up to 145-155 g, elongated pear-shaped or short-pear-shaped, with a smooth surface. Removal green staining. At the stage of full ripening, the color of the fruit changes to yellowish, with a slight blush on the sunny side.

The flesh is whitish yellow, very juicy and tender, with an oily consistency. Granulation is almost completely absent. A pleasant sweet and sour taste is complemented by a pronounced fruity aroma. The average productivity of the variety exceeds 200 kg / ha.

Pear: variety selection

Growing conditions

Sverdlovchanka pear trees are relatively unpretentious, and in conditions of high agricultural technology are able to significantly increase productivity. When choosing a site for planting these plants, preference should be given to loamy or sandy loamy soils. Soddy soil, slightly podzolic or medium-podzolic soils are excellent for cultivating this variety.

Under pear trees, the most lighted and well-warmed by the sun places should be assigned, protected from gusty and cold winds. The plant is most demanding for light during periods of flowering and fruit formation. Pear plantations are preferably located on the southern, southwestern or southeastern slopes. The bulk of the root system of the pear is located at a depth of 20 cm to 1 m, and the vertically directed roots of the plant reach a depth of 5 m. That is why when choosing a site for landing, you should pay attention to the depth of groundwater.

The main care for fruit trees is the correct formation of crowns, watering, fertilizing, as well as the fight against diseases and pests. Watering should be rare enough, but deep, with the penetration of moisture into the soil to a depth of not less than 70 cm. Regardless of the age of the fruit tree, in the spring period, about 30-40 g of ammonium nitrate or urea should be applied per square meter of plantings. During the autumn digging, it is recommended to add 55 g of superphosphate, 20-23 g of potassium sulfate and a couple of kilograms of humus for each square meter.

Reasons for falling fruit

When growing pears, not only beginners, but also experienced gardeners, may face the problem of fruit falling. The amount of the so-called scavenger can be large, which greatly reduces commodity productivity.

Significant pre-harvest fall of pear fruit is observed in case of too hot and dry weather, typical for August in most regions of cultivation of this plant. Most often, the fall caused by drought occurs a month before the start of harvesting. This feature is due to the formation of a peculiar cork-separating layer on the stem, which appears due to a lack of moisture and basic nutrients. Particularly strong fruit fall is observed when the crop is overloaded with the crop. The cause of fruit falling may also be prolonged stagnation of water under pear trees or damage to the plant by Septoria.

It is possible to reduce the risk of fruit falling off by timely watering the tree, as well as by applying a small dose of mineral fertilizers. Spraying the plant with the "KANU" means has good effectiveness. The spraying procedure can be combined with foliar top dressing of fruit plantings with urea or with the Kristallin product diluted in a proportion of 50 g per 10 l of water.

Recommendations and reviews of summer residents

"Sverdlovchanka" forms fruits with a very good presentation, which under favorable weather conditions are firmly held on the branches and are transportable. The variety belongs to self-infertile, but is very well pollinated by other varieties of pears.

Experienced gardeners note that in ripe fruits, the flesh around the seed chamber darkens very much. Nevertheless, most summer residents are very happy with this variety and leave extremely positive reviews about it. The fruits are highly appreciated - oily, juicy, melting, sweet with a slight acidity, attractive in appearance and in demand on the market.

How to harvest pear seeds

The most widespread "Sverdlovchanka" was in the Sverdlovsk and Saratov regions, where in the conditions of home gardening it shows itself as a highly productive dessert variety.