Strawberry "Cardinal" refers to very unusual in appearance, easily recognized and popular varieties among gardeners. This garden strawberry was bred by American professional breeders, and for a long time it occupies an honorable place in the ridges of gardeners not only in our country, but also abroad.
Strawberries of the Cardinal variety are rather large, up to 45 cm high, slightly leafy bushes. The upper part of the leaves is dark and glossy, and a bluish color is observed on the lower side. Form - by boat. Strawberry bushes form a significant number of fairly long whiskers with young rosettes. A feature is the relatively poor ability of the mustache to take root. Deflated strawberry rosettes are unsuitable for further cultivation, which must be taken into account when cultivating this variety of garden strawberry.
Berries of this variety are characterized by high density, oval-conical shape, pronounced aroma. The surface is dark red, with golden seeds and a significant sheen. Strawberry pulp is dense, fibrous, red. Taste indices and tasting score are very high. The taste is sour-sweet, with a bright strawberry aroma. Inside there is a core which is not completely filled with pulp. The average weight of the berries with good care reaches 70-80 g.
The first fruiting is observed in the first decade of June. The average yield from each bush reaches 1 kg. In the final fruiting phase, larger berries are formed. Plants are resistant to spotting and rot. However, with insufficient preventive measures, they are often affected by powdery mildew. The harvest is very well preserved and suitable for transportation over long distances.
How to plant wild strawberries
Dates and rules of landing
Garden cardinal "Cardinal", like many highly productive varieties, has certain soil requirements at the cultivation site. Low-acid soil, sandy-loamy or loamy, with a sufficiently high amount of nutrients, is best suited for planting.
There are no very strict deadlines for planting Cardinal strawberries in open ground. However, it is recommended to plant seedlings in early spring or in the autumn period, from August 20 to September 15, so that the plant has time to take root and adapt before frosts.
Currently, gardeners practice several options for planting seedlings of garden strawberries. Most often, single-row and double-row methods of growing strawberries in a personal plot are used:
- Single row landing method consists in planting young bushes with a distance between adjacent tapes of at least 60-70 cm, and the seedling bushes themselves in a row are approximately 120 cm apart. This method of planting is very popular if strawberry bushes are planted in early spring or autumn. This is due to the rather large formation of mustaches with sockets in the first year of cultivation.
- Two-row landing method It is considered more effective and most often used when planting seedlings in the summer. The distance between the ribbons is 70 cm, and the line spacing is 30 cm. The bushes themselves are planted at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other.
Recently quite often used is the cultivation of strawberries, or garden strawberries, on ridges. The method is very important when cultivating this berry in areas with a high occurrence of groundwater or if the landing site is located in a lowland. Strawberry ridges need to be located from south to north. Most often, two rows of strawberry bushes with a standard distance are planted on them.
Many gardeners use compacted planting of garden strawberry bushes, which allows in spring to remove all seedlings that have not met expectations, presented by diseased or weakened plants.
Cardinal garden strawberries can produce a good crop only if the soil has sufficient moisture. Therefore, watering should be plentiful, and the water temperature should be at least 20 ° C.
|Events||Period||Way of conducting|
|Removing dried leaves, peduncles, remnants of mustaches, replacing dead plants, eradicating spraying from diseases and pests||April May||Sanitary pruning is carried out with scissors. For spraying, Horus preparations, Bordeaux fluid, or similar products are used.|
|Last spring treatment for diseases and pests. Work with soil on the site||In the beginning of May||Any insectofungicidal drugs or Bordeaux liquid. The implementation of weeding, loosening and podkuchivaniya bushes, which stimulates root formation. Mulching organic or black film|
|Irrigation activities. Strawberry Shrub Processing||June||Watering in the evening, after picking berries. Removing peduncles on uterine plants and removing mustaches on plants|
|Summer preventive treatment of plants. Root and foliar top dressing||Before flowering and after flowering||Treatment of plantings against diseases with Topsin M, Tsavit or Quadrice fungicides. Treatment of pest landings with Actellik, Teldor, Envidor or Calypso insecticides. The use of complex fertilizers enriched with nitrogen and phosphorus|
|Feeding strawberry bushes. Work with planting material. If necessary, additional treatments with protective preparations are carried out.||July August||The use of organic and mineral fertilizers. Settling and rooting outlets|
On very hot days, sprinkling is recommended early in the morning, but after the appearance of peduncles and berries, irrigation measures consist only in watering under the root. This variety is very responsive to fertilizing with organic fertilizers.
Strawberry "Cardinal" can manifest itself as a repairing variety, resulting in repeated fruiting on young outlets in the period from August to the last decade of October. The variety description characterizes the plant as forming sugar, very large, well-transportable berries.
How to care for strawberries in spring
Judging by the reviews of gardeners, one of the disadvantages of this variety is the poor adaptability of young mustache to rooting. In addition, this variety is certainly frost-resistant and resistant to many diseases, except powdery mildew. Therefore, it is necessary to pay special attention to the density of planting and the timely implementation of preventive protective measures.